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Autism: Another Example of Evolution Misleading Science with Tragic Results

first_imgDr. Jerry Bergman has taught biology, genetics, chemistry, biochemistry, anthropology, geology, and microbiology at several colleges and universities including for over 40 years at Bowling Green State University, Medical College of Ohio where he was a research associate in experimental pathology, and The University of Toledo. He is a graduate of the Medical College of Ohio, Wayne State University in Detroit, the University of Toledo, and Bowling Green State University. He has over 1,300 publications in 12 languages and 40 books and monographs. His books and textbooks that include chapters that he authored, are in over 1,500 college libraries in 27 countries. So far over 80,000 copies of the 40 books and monographs that he has authored or co-authored are in print. For more articles by Dr Bergman, see his Author Profile.(Visited 585 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 by Dr Jerry BergmanSanford’s book examines the impact of mutations that are invisible to selection.The major source of genetic variety that Darwinists claim enables evolution to occur is the accumulation of mutations. Since 99.9 percent are near neutral or harmful, a major concern is the deterioration of the genome. Darwinists have long considered that the harm caused by this large number of mutations is blunted due to the fact that an estimated 98 percent of the DNA is useless ‘junk DNA.’ Thus, most harmful mutations, the theory goes, will not cause mutational meltdown because most will occur in the junk DNA, causing no harm. Junk DNA has also been considered a major source of raw material for evolution. It can be gradually modified by genetic drift, or mutations, the thinking goes, to eventually become functional.In humans, only about 2 percent of our DNA actually codes for proteins. Thus for decades the other 98 percent was considered junk DNA. As Pennsylvania State University biology professor and researcher in computational genomics, Wojciech Makalowski, wrote:For decades, scientists were puzzled by this phenomenon [of junk DNA]. With no obvious function, the noncoding portion of a genome was declared useless or sometimes called “selfish DNA,” existing only for itself without contributing to an organism’s fitness. In 1972 the late geneticist Susumu Ohno coined the term “junk DNA” to describe all noncoding sections of a genome, most of which consist of repeated segments scattered randomly throughout the genome.[1]He adds the observation that, because most of the DNA was considered useless, it strongly discouraged research on this 98 percent. Even the “term ‘junk DNA’ repelled mainstream researchers from studying noncoding genetic material for many years. After all, who would like to dig through genomic garbage?”[2]Numerous evil effects of Darwinian thinking on science are documented in this book by Dr Jerry Bergman.Furthermore, as recently as seven years ago, Professor Jogalekar argued that junk DNA fits in perfectly with evolution. He found it astonishing that it is so difficult for “people to accept that much of DNA must indeed be junk. … junk DNA shouldn’t shock us at all if we accept the standard evolutionary picture” which he describes as follows:The standard evolutionary picture tells us that evolution is messy, incomplete and inefficient. DNA consists of many kinds of sequences. Some sequences . . . don’t do anything at all. Many of these sequences . . .  are defective and dysfunctional genes from viruses and other genetic flotsam, inserted into our genome through our long, imperfect, and promiscuous genetic history. If we can appreciate that evolution is a flawed, piecemeal, inefficient and patchwork process, we should not be surprised to find this diversity of sequences with varying degrees of function or with no function in our genome [3]Fortunately, for creationists this has now changed as science is finding more and more uses for this so-called junk DNA. Professor Makalowski writes:Thankfully, though, there are some clochards who, at the risk of being ridiculed, explore unpopular territories. And it is because of them that in the early 1990s, the view of junk DNA, especially repetitive elements, began to change. In fact, more and more biologists now regard repetitive elements as genomic treasures.[4]Gene transcription is tightly regulated by enzymes and repair mechanisms (Illustra Media)As time went on, some, if not most, of this DNA turned out be critical. This subject is of special interest to me because, almost 20 years ago, I predicted in print, based on a creation worldview, that uses would be found for most, if not all, of the so-called junk DNA.[5] I wrote then, quoting Sagan and Druyan, who stated“Some, maybe even most, of the genetic instructions must be redundancies, stutters, untranscribable nonsense  . . . [which prove that] deep imperfections [exist] at the heart of life.”[4] This view also supports the position that evolution is a blind, purposeless process except if it facilitates an organism’s ability to pass on its genes.[6]I ended with this prediction:Various known and possible functions of non- coding DNA [exist] . . . .  The research reviewed in this paper has caused a number of investigators to conclude that the hypothesis, that large amounts of DNA are nonfunctional, may be erroneous. As research continues to elucidate the structure of the genome, it seems that most DNA will be found to have a function.[7]Predictions VindicatedMy predictions have now been vindicated. One of the latest functions for “junk DNA” is its requirement for normal neurodevelopment. As a result, abnormal neurodevelopment “can result from mutations in the noncoding regions of the human genome.”[8]  The study published in the leading journal Nature Genetics[9]demonstrated that mutations in so-called ‘junk’ DNA can cause autism. The study is the first to functionally link such mutations to the neurodevelopmental condition and the first clear demonstration of non-inherited, noncoding mutations causing any complex human disease or disorder.[10]Their team analyzed whole genomes of 1,790 individuals with autism and their unaffected parents and siblings. These individuals had no family history of autism; thus the genetic cause of their condition was likely spontaneous mutations rather than inherited mutations. The researchers also concluded that non-inherited, noncoding mutations in DNA once thought to be junk can cause, not just autism, but many other human diseases.[11] The other 98 percent of the human genome is not junk but helps to regulate when and where genes make proteins.Uncovering which noncoding mutations cause disease is very complex for several reasons. A single person may have dozens of noncoding mutations, most of which are unique to the individual. Professor Troyanskaya and her colleagues at Princeton used a machine learning model to predict how a given sequence affects gene expression which opened up the door to understanding the functions of the once labeled junk DNA.[12]Unintended Side EffectsUntil now many theories have existed as to the cause of autism. One which has become popular was derived from the observation that a rise of vaccines in young children appeared to be correlated to a similar rise of autism. As a result, many people concluded that vaccines were the cause of autism, and the aggressive anti-vaccines movement arose.[13] Anti-vaccination believers claimed it was especially the Measles/Mumps/Rubella vaccine that caused autism. One review concludedDespite significant progress in the study of the epidemiology and genetics of autism, the etiology and pathophysiology of this condition is far from being elucidated and no curative treatment currently exists. Although solid scientific research continues in an attempt to find explanations and solutions, a number of nonscientific and pure myths about autism have emerged. Myths that vaccines or mercury are associated with autism have been amplified by misguided scientists; frustrated, but effective parent groups; and politicians.[14]Credit: Corel Professional PhotosOne website publishes what they called a “body count”, meaning those preventable deaths in the United States caused by not accepting vaccines, according to the Centers For Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports, from 2007 to 2015 a total of 9,028, and the number of serious preventable illnesses caused by not taking vaccines, was 152,763 during the same period.[15] These two sources to date are widely considered to be very reliable.SummaryGiven this information, the fact that the ‘junk DNA’ designation clearly discouraged research into the function of so-called junk DNA, delayed determining the connection between DNA mutations and autism, which then allowed the conclusion that vaccines were a major, or the major, cause of autism. In turn, this movement grew, discouraging use of vaccines that, according to CDC reports, resulted in close to 10,000 deaths and over 150,000 cases of morbidity (preventable illness).Further Research NeededIt is not claimed here that the sole answer to autism is noncoding DNA. Many families believe that their experience is not being considered by their doctors or researchers. Many children grow to be about 2 or 3 years or so like “normal” kids, then they are given multiple vaccines in one day. And it seems about this time “normality” leaves the children and they regress. They stop talking, stop being social, start withdrawing, start OCD behaviors, and lose most of their previous gains. Some feel it is more than coincidental that many children begin autistic behavior after being vaccinated for the umpteenth time or with many vaccines in one day. Not all mutations occur before birth, and some may occur after birth as well.  The relationship, if any, between innate and external mutations needs to be evaluated. Comparing children in areas that lack most or all of the vaccinations received by children in the West could help us understand the issue better. The rates of autistic kids in those cultures should to be compared with our rates. Research needs to continue on this topic as, no doubt, several factors affect the development of autism.References[1] Makalowski, Wojciech. 2019. What is junk DNA, and what is it worth? https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/what-is-junk-dna-and-what/?redirect=1.[2] Makalowski, 2019.[3] Jogalekar, Ashutosh. 2012. Three reasons why junk DNA makes evolutionary sense. September 13. https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/the-curious-wavefunction/three-reasons-to-like-junk-dna/?redirect=1.[4]  Makalowski. 2019.[5] Bergman, Jerry. 2001. “The Functions of Introns: From Junk DNA to Designed DNA.” Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith. 53(3):170-178. September.[6] Bergman, 2001, p. 171.[7] Bergman, 2001, p. 177.[8] Summer, Thomas. 2019. New causes of autism found in ‘junk’ DNA. May, 27.https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190527111726.htm.[9] Jian Zhou, et al. 2019. Whole-genome deep-learning analysis identifies contribution of noncoding mutations to autism risk. Nature Genetics, May 27; DOI: 10.1038/s41588-019-0420-0.[10] Summer. 2019.[11] Summer, 2019.[12] Summer, 2019.[13] Davidson, Michael. 2017. Vaccination as a cause of autism—myths and controversies. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience. 19(4): 403–407. December. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5789217/ Vaccination as a cause of autism—myths and controversies[14] Davidson, p. 403.[15] McCarthy, Jenny. https://www.jennymccarthybodycount.com.last_img read more

‘Dehydrated’ Almazan taken to hospital after helping ROS win

first_imgUPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension MOST READ Almazan, though, alleviated concerns regarding his health by giving a thumbs up on his way out. Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Read Next LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief Almazan overcame his sickness and churned out 13 points and 14 rebounds in the victory as his presence more than made up for the absence of Beau Belga, who served a one-game suspension.“Raymond was sick, but since Beau wasn’t here, he forced himself to play,” shared ROS head coach Caloy Garcia. “Surprisingly, even when he’s down with a sickness, his rebounding really helped us in today’s game.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutUnfortunately for Almazan, playing through it took its toll as he be stretchered out of the dugout.Team officials disclosed that the former Letran big man suffered from dehydration and was rushed to Cardinal Santos Medical Center in San Juan.center_img View comments Raymond Almazan. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netNot even a bad case of flu could stop Raymond Almazan from playing.Fresh from his Gilas Pilipinas duty in the 2017 Fiba Asia Cup, the lanky big man gave it his all and delivered for the Elasto Painters in their 92-88 win over Star on Sunday.ADVERTISEMENT Carlo Biado wins PH’s 2nd gold in pool WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMClast_img read more

a month agoArsenal director Venkatesham plays down January transfers: It must be tactical

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say Arsenal director Venkatesham plays down January transfers: It must be tacticalby Freddie Taylora month agoSend to a friendShare the loveArsenal’s managing director Vinai Venkatesham has played down the likelihood of the club making moves in the January transfer window.The Gunners were active in the summer market, signing Nicolas Pepe, William Saliba, Kieran Tierney, Dani Ceballos, David Luiz and Gabriel Martinelli.But Venkatesham says any more signings in January will only come out of necessity.He told Bloomberg: “Well listen, we’ve just been through the transfer period in the summer, that’s what we always call the main transfer window. “We were very aggressive in that transfer window, signing a number of new players that we’re very excited about, predominately targeting young players that we believe can grow and develop with us over future years. “When we look forward to January, we’ll see when January comes. I’d say that we always treat the summer window as being the more strategic window.The January window is the one where you need to be a bit more tactical, maybe responding to an injury or another demand. But really our work is done in the summer and we’re really pleased with what we did in the summer.’Asked whether the defence would be strengthened again, he continued: “Listen, as I’ve said, we’ve been really focused over the summer, we made some defensive reinforcements signing David Luiz from Chelsea and Kieran Tierney from Celtic.”We’re looking forward to seeing how those players progress and how they do over the course of the season. “The players that we look for are the players we believe will make the biggest impact on the pitch from a sporting perspective.” last_img read more

5-Star DE Recruit CeCe Jefferson Makes Landshark Gesture As He, Hugh Freeze Bob Heads To Lil Jon

first_imgThe Ole Miss Rebels cheerleaders perform before the first quarter against the Oklahoma State Cowboys during the Allstate Sugar Bowl.NEW ORLEANS, LA – JANUARY 01: The Mississippi Rebels cheerleaders perform before the first quarter against the Oklahoma State Cowboys during the Allstate Sugar Bowl at Mercedes-Benz Superdome on January 1, 2016 in New Orleans, Louisiana. (Photo by Chris Graythen/Getty Images)Back in late December, five-star defensive end recruit CeCe Jefferson told reporters that Ole Miss was the leader to land his services this upcoming National Signing Day. Judging by the Instagram video he posted Saturday night, it doesn’t look like much has changed.Jefferson posted a video of himself, four-star linebacker recruit Jeffery Holland and Rebels head coach Hugh Freeze bobbing their heads to a Lil Jon song. He then made the team’s “Landshark” gesture. Freeze followed suit.Turn up coach freeze! With @holland_jeffA video posted by Hi Im Carl (@thatboycece7) on Jan 24, 2015 at 5:59pm PST Jefferson would be a huge get for Ole Miss, which currently has the 17th-ranked class in the country, according to 247 Sports.last_img read more

Former N.C. State Star Julius Hodge Is Not Happy With John Calipari’s Recruiting Tactics

first_imgJulius Hodge talks about John Calipari's recruiting.Twitter/@Follow24HodgeOn Monday, N.C. State received a commitment from three-star forward Shaun King. It did not take long for Kentucky to muddle up this recruitment, offering King shortly after his decision. King did not sign anything tying him to the Wolfpack, and is reportedly weighing his options.Former N.C. State star Julius Hodge is not happy about this develop, and took to Twitter to express his discontent. He doesn’t specifically call out John Calipari, and denies that he is referring to Kentucky, but that is pretty clearly the target here.I remember when there was a time when coaches respected already “committed” athletes. I only had ONE not do so…seems old dogs=old tricks.— Julius Hodge (@Follow24Hodge) April 28, 2015CBB recruiting is a vicious part of the business. It’s the guy trying to get a woman’s phone # and she says “I have a bf” and he says “so?”.— Julius Hodge (@Follow24Hodge) April 28, 2015Why is #BBN on my back? I made no mention of Coach Cal in my tweets. Seems to me Cinderella’s shoe must fit huh? http://t.co/qQebzKBWs2 #WPN— Julius Hodge (@Follow24Hodge) April 28, 2015College basketball is about the perfect fit. Choose the morally hollowed/sexier pick? Don’t be mad when they cheat on you/over recruit.— Julius Hodge (@Follow24Hodge) April 28, [email protected] this argument NEVER gets old.— Julius Hodge (@Follow24Hodge) April 28, 2015“@shacker56: I am not 1 of the fans that trash plyrs 4 who they pick.Trashing a coach is not cool** which coach YOU THINK fit the narrative?— Julius Hodge (@Follow24Hodge) April 28, 2015Hodge has a point, and generally, college basketball recruiting does not get as cutthroat as college football does after commitments occur. However, it is up to Kirk to make the decision that is right for him, and if Kentucky causes him to reevaluate things, so be it.last_img read more

Football Postgame comments lead to reprimand for Harbaugh 10000 fine for Michigan

Michigan football coach Jim Harbaugh looks on after the last touchdown during the game on Nov. 26 at Ohio Stadium. The Buckeyes won 30-27. Credit: Mason Swires | Assistant Photo EditorMichigan football coach Jim Harbaugh had some strong words for the media following his team’s 30-27 double-overtime loss to Ohio State on Saturday. During post-game interviews, the Toledo native had harsh criticisms for the officiating. The comments resulted in a $10,000 fine imposed by the Big Ten Conference on Michigan.A public reprimand was also issued to the Wolverines’ coach, with no further punishment announced at this time. The comments made by Harbaugh were stretched throughout the presser, and he failed to answer many of the reporters’ questions, instead speaking about the officiating rather than his team.“I’m bitterly disappointed in the officiating,” Harbaugh said on Saturday. “I could have been watching the game instead of being concerned (with sideline behavior.)”Although he is known for his tirades, Harbaugh had never been directly reprimanded by the Big Ten. The statement on the subject reads as follows.“The Big Ten office today issued a public reprimand of Michigan football head coach Jim Harbaugh for violating the Big Ten Sportsmanship Policy following Michigan’s game against Ohio State on Nov. 26, 2016. In addition, the conference announced that the institution has been fined $10,000 as a result of the violation.” read more

Chapmans talent could press Reds into early callup from AAA

On Sunday afternoon, a slender, 22-year-old Cuban pitcher made his professional baseball debut. He struck out nine and pitched 4 2/3 innings, allowing an unearned run, five singles and one walk. Fifty-five of his 85 pitches were for strikes and, by all accounts, his first start was a success. Around 4 p.m. Monday, this same phenom strolled into the visitor’s dugout at Huntington Park to answer a throng of questions from the media. He sat down next to Louisville Bats trainer and translator Tomas Vera, looking neither nervous nor excited. The young man took his time answering a myriad of questions, speaking very softly and smiling occasionally as Vera translated for him. And at the end of the session, he got up and walked back down the tunnel to the locker room. Just two days in the life of Aroldis Chapman, the Cincinnati Reds $30 million man. A man who, if he continues to compile dominating performances like the one he had on Sunday, will force the Reds to promote him to the big league club. Count Bats manager Rick Sweet among those impressed. “He handles [pressure] very well. He doesn’t show [nervousness] at all,” Sweet said. “He’s been on the national scene and the international scene, so it’s almost a relief when he gets in between the lines to where he can focus, to where he’s away from all of [the media hoopla].” Even a casual observer of baseball can notice just how special Chapman is. His delivery matches his personality: calm and quiet. Right before Chapman fires the ball home, he hides the ball behind his back, keeping the hitter guessing for a few extra seconds. Then, his body unwinds, and at a three-quarter angle, his left arm slingshots the ball toward home. Sometimes the ball travels as hard as 101 mph, which Chapman reached on a first-inning strikeout Sunday. Despite the aura around his triple-digit fastball, Chapman said he doesn’t concentrate on how hard he throws. “Honestly, I really don’t pay attention to the speed. I think it’s something the Lord gave to me and I have to thank God and all the coaches I’ve had since I was in Cuba,” Chapman said through Vera. “They’re all a part of this, but the speed isn’t that important for me.” And while Chapman may not acknowledge that his fastball is indeed heavenly, Sweet appeared amazed that his young southpaw threw the ball so hard, so often, and with such apparent ease. “I just saw [Chapman] throw over 100 mph I think a total of seven, eight times in one game. I don’t know … if I’ve seen that total in my career,” Sweet said. “It’s very special, especially when you see how he easily he does it. He’s not a max effort guy that’s all over the place. He’s nice and easy and smooth, and the ball explodes out of his hand.” Explode onto the major league scene is what Chapman could do very soon. If a Reds starter goes down with injury, Chapman would be among those considered for the call-up. The main reason for the call-up would be because the Reds believe Chapman’s pitching prowess matches his major-league readiness, but the fact that he can draw a crowd will also heavily factor into the decision. Considering that their attendance has dwindled in recent years, the Reds would be hard-pressed not to consider elevating the left-handed Cuban. Chapman, whose warm-up bullpen session reportedly attracted 150 spectators Sunday, is also quickly gaining the respect of his comrades. Perhaps the biggest surprise of Monday’s media session was how many times Chapman referenced how helpful his teammates have been. At one point, a reporter asked Chapman about his teammates and, after Vera translated it, Chapman flashed his pearly whites. Across the dugout, a handful of his teammates were pointing at him, making sure their famous friend and teammate put in a good word for them. Often times in sports, when a player signs a big contract, the size of his head swells along with his paycheck. Sweet said Chapman is the total opposite. “He’s very quiet, very shy. Not intimidated, but he’s a shy young man,” Sweet said, “and he’s gotten along very well with his teammates.”  “It’s been nice to see. You think with all the money he’s making, sometimes guys [let the money get to their head], he’s not that way. He just wants to be part of the team.” So long as Chapman’s cultural adjustments progress alongside his changeup, it’s hard to imagine the Reds keeping their prized left-hander in the minors too much longer. read more

Ohio State mens tennis wins Big Ten tournament title defeat Michigan 40

Courtesy Ohio State Athletic CommunicationsThe Ohio State men’s tennis team shut out three consecutive conference opponents en route to winning its seventh Big Ten Tournament in eight years.The No. 4 Buckeyes (31-2), who played host to the annual tournament for the first time since 2002, held up the No. 1 overall tournament seed throughout the weekend, securing victories over No. 9-seeded Purdue, No. 4-seeded Illinois and No. 3-seeded Michigan, respectively.OSU did not relent a point over the three-game stretch, winning each match 4-0 and remaining undefeated in Big Ten play in 2013.The Saturday semifinal win over the No. 4-seeded Illini avenged the last season’s 4-3 loss in the 2012 Big Ten Tournament in Evanston, Ill.The championship victory over the Wolverines on Sunday gave the Buckeyes their eighth Big Ten Tournament victory (2001, 2006-11, 2013) and 11th finals appearance under coach Ty Tucker. Before Tucker took over in 1999, OSU also won the tournament in 1991.Against Michigan, the Scarlet and Gray dominated their archrivals from the North by securing the team doubles point for the 31st time in 2013. The No. 46-ranked tandem of junior Blaz Rola and redshirt sophomore Kevin Metka won their match, 8-5, and maintained their perfect record on the season at 20-0. The No. 14-ranked duo of redshirt junior Peter Kobelt and senior Connor Smith followed suit and clinched the doubles point with an 8-4 victory.In singles play, OSU rallied to three consecutive wins to put away the Wolverines. The Buckeyes garnered wins from redshirt freshman Chris Diaz and freshman Constantin Christ, winning 6-2, 6-2 and 6-1, 6-2, respectively. Finally,Smith, winning his match 6-3, 6-3, earned the match-winning point to solidify the Buckeyes as 2013 Big Ten Tournament Champions and earn them an automatic bid to the 2013 NCAA Tournament.The men’s tennis selection show is scheduled for 5 p.m. on Tuesday, with singles and doubles selections scheduled to occur at 6 p.m. on Wednesday. read more

Golf Ohio State leans on international recruiting with climate posing challenges

Ohio State junior golfer Jaclyn Lee tees off during a round of golf in 2017. Credit: Courtesy of Ohio State AthleticsNearly every student at Ohio State complains about the ever-changing weather. In Columbus, learning to deal with the wind, rain, cold and overall fickle forecast is seemingly a rite of passage.Perhaps no member of the Ohio State community has more cause to complain about the weather than women’s golf head coach Therese Hession.Ohio State has less reputation and notoriety in golf than it does in many other sports, giving Hession a more difficult time recruiting than top programs. This is in large part due to Mother Nature. Top recruits want to go somewhere they can golf consistently year-round. Thanks to weather that gets cold early and stays chilled late, that’s just not possible in central Ohio.Since the mid-2000s, Ohio State has looked to untapped markets outside the United States to attract talent and remain competitive nationally as a way to circumvent the obstacle that Ohio’s climate presents.“A lot of times, the top players in some countries are really good players,” Hession said. “They might be equivalent to the top 10 or 15 percent of the players in America. A lot of the [top players] in the United States don’t give me a look up here in Ohio.”Plenty of international players want to come to the U.S. and compete in the NCAA. Hession said this is mostly due to the professional opportunities in North America — particularly the LPGA Tour — that are more lucrative than other international women’s tours.In countries with colder climates, players who want to compete as much as possible are drawn to the U.S., where they can play in tournaments around the country throughout the year.“I wanted the opportunity to get better at my golf game,” said Jaclyn Lee, a junior from Calgary, Alberta. “It’s hard to do that when the seasons turn in Canada, which is why I chose to come down [to the United States].”Though the Ohio State women’s golf team spent only $19,207 on recruiting in the fiscal year 2017, according to Ohio State Athletics’ NCAA financial statements, international travel is expensive. Hession said the coaching staff typically travels overseas to watch specific tournaments and monitor the players they want to pursue and have not seen before, rather than approach players they have already pinpointed as targets.Yet the team still needs to build a relationship with its recruits in order to establish a supportive environment vital to performance.“[Players] want to feel like they can trust me and that I will be there to take care of them,” Hession said.Having limited face-to-face interaction with international players, Ohio State has leaned heavily on technology to build relationships with recruits. This includes emailing, Skype conversations and FaceTime tours of the team’s indoor golf facility. The team also strives to build relationships with players’ coaches in their home countries. Due to NCAA regulations, coaches are not allowed to directly contact recruits until their junior year of high school. Communication with coaches provides a middle ground for Ohio State to closely monitor a player early in the process without committing any violations.Many high-school coaches continue to work with their players after they leave for college. Technology allows Hession to collaborate with these coaches and help players improve their game.“You can sit there with your phone and take a video and send it off to the teacher and they can respond in five minutes with their synopsis of what they think is going on,” Hession said. “I like to talk to those coaches, too, and tell them what I’m seeing. Video shows one thing of a swing or a putt or a chip, but I get to see a lot of how they manage themselves on the golf course, how they’re handling pressure.”Ohio State hopes its targeting of international players can help the team garner a reputation and attract talent from different countries. Katja Pogacar, a native of Slovenia who golfed for the Buckeyes from 2013 to 2017, now plays on the Ladies European Tour. Hession said she believes Pogacar’s success at Ohio State leading to a professional career has made young players in Slovenia more aware of the team.“When [recruits] know that [former players] have had a good experience and they’ve improved and they’ve gotten better and been on some great championship teams, that’s the best sales pitch that anyone could ask for,” Hession said.In the past decade, Ohio State has seen golfers from five different continents on its roster. The weather has provided Hession with a challenge to find the talent. But she has shown that she and the rest of the team will go anywhere to improve the team. read more