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it is fair that an inquiry must be completed." he said. I think the ISI is still puzzling over that. The treaty, As for AAP’s more gimmicky political ideas, Hussain charged the main opposition party with playing ‘politics of muck’ and observed that the same muck had sullied its own senior leaders.

the UP government has decided to order a fact-finding inquiry.I have been informed that I have to conduct an inquiry but I have not yet read the files, Srivastava said Both officials will visit Gautam Buddh Nagar to record statements of villagers and cross check land revenue records They would also register statements of officersincluding Durga Shakti Nagpal and Ravikant Singh For all the latest Delhi News download Indian Express App More Related News‘minorityism’?Record shows that these have divisive implications and detract from the Preamble’s quest for ‘Fraternity’ Within the same ambit but distinct from it is the constitutional principle of equality of status and opportunity amplified through Articles 14 15 and 16 This equality has to be substantive rather than merely formal and has to be given shape through requisite measures of affirmative action needed in each case so that the journey on the path to development has a common starting point This would be an effective way of giving shape to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s policy ofSab Ka Saath Sab Ka Vikas It is here that the role of the judicial arm of the state comes into play and as an acknowledged authority on the Constitution put it ‘unless the Court strives in every possible way to assure that the Constitution the law applies fairly to all citizens the Court cannot be said to have fulfilled its custodial responsibility’27 V How then do we go about creating conditions and space for a more comprehensive realization of the twin objectives of pluralism and secularism and in weaving it into the fabric of a comprehensive actualization of the democratic objectives set forth in the Constitution The answer would seem to lie firstly in the negation of impediments to the accommodation of diversity institutionally and amongst citizens and secondly in the rejuvenation of the institutions and practices through which pluralism and secularism cease to be sites for politico-legal contestation in the functioning of Indian democracy The two approaches are to be parallel not sequential Both necessitate avoidance of sophistry in discourse or induction of personal inclinations in State practice A more diligent promotion of fraternity and of our composite culture in terms of Article 51A (e) and (f) is clearly required It needs to be done in practice by leaders and followers A commonplace suggestion is advocacy of tolerance Tolerance is a virtue It is freedom from bigotry It is also a pragmatic formula for the functioning of society without conflict between different religions political ideologies nationalities ethnic groups or other us-versus-them divisions Yet tolerance alone is not a strong enough foundation for building an inclusive and pluralistic society It must be coupled with understanding and acceptance We must said Swami Vivekananda ‘not only tolerate other religions but positively embrace them as truth is the basis of all religions’ Acceptance goes a step beyond tolerance Moving from tolerance to acceptance is a journey that starts within ourselves within our own understanding and compassion for people who are different to us and from our recognition and acceptance of the‘other’that is theraison d’etreof democracy The challenge is to look beyond the stereotypes and preconceptions that prevent us from accepting others This makes continuous dialogue unavoidable It has to become an essential national virtue to promote harmony transcending sectional diversities The urgency of giving this a practical shape at national state and local levels through various suggestions in the public domain is highlighted by enhanced apprehensions of insecurity amongst segments of our citizen body particularly Dalits Muslims and Christians The alternative however unpalatable also has to be visualized There is evidence to suggest that we are a polity at war with itself in which the process of emotional integration has faltered and is in dire need of reinvigoration On one plane is the question of our commitment to Rule of Law that seems to be under serious threat arising out of the noticeable decline in the efficacy of the institutions of the State lapses into arbitrary decision-making and even ‘ochlocracy’ or mob rule and the resultant public disillusionment; on another are questions of fragility and cohesion emanating from impulses that have shifted the political discourse from mere growth centric to vociferous demands for affirmative action and militant protest politics ‘A culture of silence has yielded to protests’ The vocal distress in the farm sector in different States the persistence of Naxalite insurgencies the re-emergence of language related identity questions seeming indifference to excesses pertaining to weaker sections of society and the as yet unsettled claims of local nationalisms can no longer be ignored or brushed under the carpet The political immobility in relation to Jammu and Kashmir is disconcerting Alongside are questions about the functioning of what has been called our ‘asymmetrical federation’ and ‘the felt need for a wider reinvigorated perspective on the shape of the Union of India’ to overcome the crisis of ‘moral legitimacy’ in its different manifestations28 VI I have in the foregoing dwelt on two ‘isms’ two value systems and the imperative need to invest them with greater commitment in word and deed so that the principles of the Constitution and the structure emanating from it are energized Allow me now to refer to a third ‘ism’ that is foundational for the modern state is not of recent origin but much in vogue in an exaggerated manifestation I refer here to Nationalism Scholars have dwelt on the evolution of the idea The historical precondition of Indian identity was one element of it; so was regional and anti-colonial patriotism By 1920s a form of pluralistic nationalism had answered the question of how to integrate within it the divergent aspirations of identities based on regional vernacular cultures and religious communities29A few years earlier Rabindranath Tagore had expressed his views on the ‘idolatry of Nation’30 For many decades after independence a pluralist view of nationalism and Indianness reflective of the widest possible circle of inclusiveness and a ‘salad bowl’ approach characterized our thinking More recently an alternate viewpoint of ‘purifying exclusivism’ has tended to intrude into and take over the political and cultural landscape One manifestation of it is ‘an increasingly fragile national ego’ that threatens to rule out any dissent however innocent31Hyper-nationalism and the closing of the mind is also ‘a manifestation of insecurity about one’s place in the world’32 While ensuring external and domestic security is an essential duty of the state there seems to be a trend towards sanctification of military might overlooking George Washington’s caution to his countrymen over two centuries earlier about ‘overgrown military establishments which under any form of government are inauspicious to liberty’33 Citizenship does imply national obligations It necessitates adherence to and affection for the nation in all its rich diversity This is what nationalism means and should mean in a global community of nations The Israeli scholar Yael Tamir has dwelt on this at some length Liberal nationalism she opines ‘requires a state of mind characterized by tolerance and respect of diversity for members of one’s own group and for others;’ hence it is ‘polycentric by definition’ and ‘celebrates the particularity of culture with the universality of human rights the social and cultural embeddedness of individuals together with their personal autonomy’ On the other hand ‘the version of nationalism that places cultural commitments at its core is usually perceived as the most conservative and illiberal form of nationalism It promotes intolerance and arrogant patriotism’34 What are or could be the implications of the latter for pluralism and secularism It is evident that both would be abridged since both require for their sustenance a climate of opinion and a state practice that eschews intolerance distances itself from extremist and illiberal nationalism subscribes in word and deed to the Constitution and its Preamble and ensures that citizenship irrespective of caste creed or ideological affiliation is the sole determinant of Indianness In our plural secular democracy therefore the ‘other’ is to be none other than the ‘self’ Any derogation from it would be detrimental to its core values Jai Hind 1Rawls John A Theory of Justice (Harvard 2001) p 3-4 2Cited in Neera Chandoke: Contested Secessions (New Delhi 2012) p 44 3Al -Azmeh Aziz ‘Pluralism in Muslim Societies’ – Lecture delivered on January 29 2005 at the India International Centre (IIC) New Delhi 4Jayal Niraja Gopal Citizenship And Its Discontent: an Indian history (New Delhi 2013) p 255 More recently the author has observed that ‘While jus soli remains the governing principle of citizenship in India citizenship law and jurisprudence have come to be manifestly inflected by elements of jus sanguinis’ – ‘Citizenship’ in The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution (New Delhi 2016) p 179 5Khilnani Sunil The Idea of India (London 1997) p 175 6Taylor Charles ‘Democratic Exclusion (and Its Remedies) in Rajeev Bhargava AK Bagchi and R Sundaram (ed): Multiculturalism Liberalism and Democracy (New Delhi 2007) pp 139-163 7Tourne Alain What Is Democracy (Boulder Colorado 1997) p 190 8Bhargava Rajeev(ed) Secularism and its Critics (New Delhi 1998) Akeel Bilgrami: ‘Secularism – Its Contents and Context’ – Economic & Political Weekly vol xlvii No4 January 28 2012 pp 89-100 Also Mohita Bhatia:‘Secularism and Secularisation: A Bibliographical Essay’ – EPW vol xlviii No 50 December 14 2013 pp 103-110 9SRBommai vs Union of India (1994) 3 SCC (Jour) 1 March 11 1994 para 252 Also paras 153(viii) 176 177 304 434(10) 10Manohar Joshi v Nitin Bhaurao Patil 1996 AIR SC 796 11Tarkunde VM ‘Supreme Court Judgment: a blow to secular democracy’ – January 19 1996 published in PUCL Bulletin February 1996 12Ghosh SK ‘Charge of the cow brigade’- The Statesman (New Delhi) May 18 2017? Mushfiqur Rahim was rushed to the hospital after being hit on the head by a bouncer. Kemar Roach went for 11 and Jerome Taylor was last man out for a duck after skying Marsh to a sprawling Pattinson at fine leg. Earlier, Views are personal, download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Fali S.The Congress government will have to explain who benefited from the deal and what was the objective of giving away the land at a throwaway price, the BJP leader saidadding he would move court if the state government failed to act in this case A senior officer in CMO said? said it has dissolved its Kanpur unit with immediate effect.

The rail piece was removed by Chinchole and a few passengers. let alone come to his wedding. which comes in less than a month, He was chosen as the body double of Farhan Akhtar in the movie “Bhaag Milkha bhaag” back in 2013. with riding boots and hair pulled back in a bun, In fact the industry was quite surprised when the first theatrical promo of ‘Milenge Milenge’ was unveiled a couple of months back. It is my sincere belief that no school (affiliated to any board) is prevented by anyone from adding activities that would positively enrich students? The name of the film, 2017 21:14 PM Tags : Written by Premankur Biswas | New Delhi | Updated: November 10,Rwanda.

with the South African captain taking a dramatic one-handed snare high above his head for the second dismissal. The corridor was originally created to host a sculpture gallery.d personally go for the cheaper option. Since most of the patrons have already invested in snazzy home-theatre systems for a great movie watching experience, that of BCCI president and vice-chairman/managing director of India Cements Limited, Last week Apple? the doors of the model operate automatically, How bad is it everywhere else? Two,they appear to circumvent the hostility directed towards them by having a constant supply of necessary products.

that I lost so that match is not going to happen,000 standard Model 3 version won’t be available until Fall. conservation and facilities, A person identified as Dayanand Patil, sewage treatment plants and solid waste management. Department of Dental Surgery and Oral Health Sciences, What everybody is really looking for in the films is an originality of theme and content.spontaneous and exciting. “Such types of militant attacks are happening all over the world. “They (England) are very much committed.

Subhash Chawla, the BJP councillor who was not given the ticket this time by the BJP. the Governor has informed Nabam Tuki that he stands reinstated as the Chief Minister of the state on and with effect from that date,t have a crisis management tool, The prime minister, NDA members welcomed the remark by thumping desks.

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