There is also talk in these meetings, which will continue happening, of the holidays, which the footballers have agreed to partially sacrifice or reduce as long as there is time to make a good preseason, and the fact that you have to play every few days in case this campaign can end. The next season, 2020-21, will be affected by the delay in finishing this one (it would have to be shortened with the Playoff, make a kind of Opening or similar formulas), if it is possible. LaLiga recalled that there are different scenarios, more and less optimistic and more or less tight, in which they will fight to ensure that the different television slots are also respected, in order to continue making the most of the product, and that it will ensure the health of the player as always done. AFE has already recognized that footballers are willing to make an extra effort but made it clear, as always, that all medical recommendations will be respected that, although they are not fixed by regulation, mark in 72 hours the rest that must be between game and game. In addition, absolute respect to the schedules is agreed in the event of having to play from May 20 to September 15, with summer in between, It is the time when there is a greater respect for the hot hours when it is recommended not to play before 19:30 or to do it in strips with more than 30 degrees. Here the RFEF will also have a lot to say.Joint statement from LaLiga and AFE“LaLiga and the Association of Spanish Soccer Players (AFE) have held a new meeting this afternoon in which they have worked on the following issues:• ERTE: LaLiga and AFE continue to study different options and consider feasibility in the current scenario, so it has been decided to continue speaking at future meetings in the coming days.• Competition calendars: The restart scenarios for the 19/20 competition in which the European Leagues and UEFA are working together, in the commission created by it to deal with this matter, and in which LaLiga actively participates, have been jointly analyzed. Likewise, and depending on each scenario, the effect of these in the next 2020/21 season has been analyzed. In this sense, the possible effects are evaluated in all the competitions of the following season, both national and international.• Protocol back to training: The protocol of return to training has been followed in order to guarantee the highest degree of safety for the health of footballers and all the personnel who carry out their work with sports insoles. This protocol has been working for 10 days jointly between the two parties and will be shared with the rest of the European Leagues to try to homogenize and shape the training round.In the coming days, LaLiga and the AFE will continue to hold meetings in order to continue analyzing actions in the current crisis situation caused by COVID-19. “ This Thursday there was the second meeting of the week between LaLiga and AFE to continue analyzing and agreeing on the measures that the clubs are going to adopt, and that are going to affect the soccer players, as a result of the coronavirus crisis. On the part of the employers, who have been much more active in this event, Javier Tebas and Luis Gil have participated again, while on the part of the union, with one more figure of listener, David Aganzo and Diego have been present at the videoconference Rivas. As AS has learned, there has been good attunement on several key issues like the ERTE, the possible drop in wages and the plan to restart the competition (end yes or yes) and to reorganize the next one. It is clear that the options for the 2019-20 academic year to extend beyond June 30 increase. Therefore, The possibility of playing at Christmas and in the Premier is already being considered so that the dates match. This is one of the options that LaLiga has commented and that AFE will carefully study.LaLiga and AFE have also debated for an hour and a half about the forecasts that both have regarding the clubs that will benefit from the temporary employment regulation files. AFE, according to the data it manages, does not believe that at the moment they occur in more than a dozen of the 42 professional clubs, which reassures him. However, LaLiga considers that with the passing of the days, and especially if the competition does not resume soon, there will be more clubs than the union estimates that will join the ERTE, among them historical and leading clubs. The term, for the moment, is until April 11, when the national confinement ends in principle. The employers will have more specific data from next Monday, which is when Thebes will meet with the Division Boards, first with the First and later, at 12:30 with the Second. At the moment, LaLiga and AFE can only wait for events. What the union has recalled is that it will be very vigilant that possible irregularities are committed. In his opinion, the force majeure of which the Royal Decree issued after the State of Alarm speaks is not easy to justify in a club with such high budgets and benefits.Another issue that was put on the table revolved around the sacrifices that footballers would have to make in order to guarantee the economic viability of the clubs when this crisis wanes. More or less, the plans of the clubs, in general, which go through negotiating (and not imposing) a linear salary decrease, are always known, always in the monthly salaries that are affected and not in the two extra payments, which is where the bulk of the tab is distributed, neither in the premiums or the image rights. AFE insisted that this descent will come, because the footballers have already made clear their solidarity with this serious situation, But they have also made clear the difficulty of having the same percentage for all footballers and that the best thing is to wait for how events unfold and then calculate the adjustments, and not the other way around.
Coco’s house rules on ‘Probinsyano’ set It’s too early to present Duterte’s ‘legacy’ – Lacson Titan x Nike pop-up space at Bonifacio Global City in Taguig. Photo by Mark GiongcoThere’s a new place in town sneakerheads will love.Nike and Titan, one of the biggest basketball retailers in the country, teamed up for the Titan x Nike pop-up space at Bonifacio Global City in Taguig.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES No title repeat: Cubs bow out in Game 5 against Dodgers OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson MOST READ Judy Ann’s 1st project for 2020 is giving her a ‘stomachache’ Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Jake says relationship with Shaina ‘goes beyond physical attraction’ Jake says relationship with Shaina ‘goes beyond physical attraction’ Kiss-and-tell matinee idol’s conquests: True stories or tall tales? Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments The LeBron 15 “Ghost” that features Nike’s latest innovations and Air Jordan 32 “Bred” were finally made available to Filipino basketball fans and sneakerheads.In line with the 35th anniversary of the iconic Air Force 1, Reinoso said there are going to be new AF1 drops every Friday at the store.For NBA fans, authentic NBA jerseys and other gear are also available.Titan x Nike pop-up space at Bonifacio Global City in Taguig. Photo by Mark GiongcoTitan x Nike pop-up space at Bonifacio Global City in Taguig. Photo by Mark GiongcoTitan x Nike pop-up space at Bonifacio Global City in Taguig. Photo by Mark GiongcoTitan x Nike pop-up space at Bonifacio Global City in Taguig. Photo by Mark GiongcoTitan x Nike pop-up space at Bonifacio Global City in Taguig. Photo by Mark GiongcoTitan x Nike pop-up space at Bonifacio Global City in Taguig. Photo by Mark GiongcoTitan x Nike pop-up space at Bonifacio Global City in Taguig. Photo by Mark GiongcoTitan x Nike pop-up space at Bonifacio Global City in Taguig. Photo by Mark GiongcoTitan x Nike pop-up space at Bonifacio Global City in Taguig. Photo by Mark GiongcoADVERTISEMENT Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award The pop-up space features the best of what Nike and Jordan Brand have to offer.“It’s the destination for basketball for the holidays. We’re open to the public right now just to really celebrate the game and culture of basketball,” said Raoul Reinoso, Co-Founder and special projects director of Titan.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’SPORTSFederer blasts lack of communication on Australian Open smog“What to expect really is a lot of basketball product that’s gonna be coming in to the space for the next three months,” he said.The event held on Wednesday night also marked the release of LeBron James’ latest signature shoe and the newest pair from the iconic Jordan lineage. Jo Koy: My brain always wants to think funny Margot Robbie talks about filming ‘Bombshell’s’ disturbing sexual harassment scene
Florida (25-4, 12-2), which had already wrapped up the SEC regular-season title and had set a new school record for single-season victories, had little riding on the game. No. 6 Kansas 89, Iowa State52: Mario Chalmers scored 18 to lead six players in double figures for the host Jayhawks (25-4, 12-2 Big 12). No. 8 Texas A&M 97, Baylor 87: Acie Law scored a season-high 31 for the host Aggies (24-4, 12-2 Big 12). No. 12 Georgetown 61, No. 10 Pittsburgh 53: The biggest Big East game of the regular season went to the host Hoyas (22-5, 12-2), whose tenacious defense made the difference in the final minutes of a victory over the Panthers (24-5, 11-3). Jonathan Wallace scored 17 points, as the Hoyas slogged their way to sole possession of first place in the conference with one week to play. No. 11 Nevada 95, BoiseState 81: Nick Fazekas scored 28 points to lead the visiting Wolf Pack (26-2, 13-1 Western Athletic Conference). It took a seemingly impossible challenge to bring out the best in an LSU team that had squandered so much potential this season. Missing leading scorer and rebounder Glen “Big Baby” Davis, the struggling Tigers got 18 points from Terry Martin, 17from Garrett Temple and stellar defense from everyone to pull off an impressive 66-56 upset over No. 3 Florida on Saturday in Baton Rouge, La. “I was coaching so hard and trying to do everything I could in the last five minutes to make sure we won that game,” LSU head coach John Brady said. LSU (15-13, 4-10 Southeastern Conference), once ranked sixth this season, had lost three straight before hosting a Florida team that had been No.1 a little more than a week ago. No. 13 Southern Illinois 76, Evansville 69: Randal Falker scored a career-high 30, leading the host Salukis (25-5, 15-3 Missouri Valley). TCU 71, No. 14 Air Force 66: Ryan Wall scored 19points and the host Horned Frogs upset the Falcons (23-6, 10-5 Mountain West). No. 15 Butler 56, Detroit36: Brandon Crone scored 17 points and the host Bulldogs (26-5, 13-3) won a share of the Horizon League championship. Notre Dame 85, No. 16 Marquette 73: Luke Harangody scored 22 points to lead the host Irish over the Golden Eagles (22-8, 9-6). No. 19 Texas 68, Oklahoma 58: Kevin Durant matched his career-high with five 3-pointers and scored 32points to lead the visiting Longhorns (21-7, 11-3 Big 12). San Diego State 86, No.21 BYU 74: Brandon Heath scored 30 points to lead the host Aztecs over the Mountain West Conference-leading Cougars (21-7, 11-3). No. 24 Virginia 75, Georgia Tech 69: J.R. Reynolds scored 25 points to help the host Cavaliers (19-8, 10-4 Atlantic Coast Conference). Auburn 86, No. 25 Alabama 77: Quan Prowell and Korvotney Barber each had 17points to lead the Tigers over the host Crimson Tide (19-9, 6-8). 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
0Shares0000American businessman Shahid Khan could be about to buy Wembley from the English Football Association © AFP/File / Adrian DENNISLONDON, United Kingdom, Apr 27 – American businessman Shahid Khan has said he will do “everything possible” to give Chelsea the option of using Wembley as a temporary home if his Sh 69bn (£500mn) bid to buy the iconic London ground is accepted.England’s governing Football Association confirmed Thursday that Khan, the owner of Chelsea’s local London rivals Fulham, as well as the NFL’s Jacksonville Jaguars, had made an offer to buy the national stadium. Tottenham Hotspur, like Chelsea a London-based club in the Premier League, are currently using Wembley as a temporary base while a successor ground to their White Hart Lane home is built.Chelsea want to redevelop and increase the capacity of their Stamford Bridge ground in west London.The Blues are set to vacate their home at the end of the 2019/20 season and it may be up to four years before they are able to return.Wembley’s 90,000 capacity makes it an obvious choice for Chelsea, particularly as the 82,000-seater Twickenham, the southwest London headquarters of English rugby union, has been ruled out of the running.Khan’s plan to stage even more gridiron games at Wembley, and maybe even base the Jaguars there permanently, could complicate matters for Chelsea.But Khan said he would welcome the Blues playing at Wembley — for the right price — having made it clear he has no intention of moving Fulham, pushing for promotion to the Premier League from the second-tier Championship, out of Craven Cottage.“Absolutely we would discuss it with them (Chelsea) and really encourage them because that is part of the tradition and stewardship of Wembley, just like with Spurs being there this season,” Khan told Friday’s edition of the London Evening Standard.“Chelsea would be welcome to use it“Obviously, they would be paying for it, just like Spurs did, but I think it is really important because our goal is to get the usage up and that would be part of it,” he added.“Could it happen for four years? Obviously you would have to move things but from our viewpoint, we would love that to work.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
A run of nine straight league wins had given Liverpool a commanding lead at the top of the table as they edged towards a first top flight title since 1989/90, particularly after City suffered back-to-back shock defeats to Crystal Palace and Leicester to begin the festive season.With no more league meetings between the sides to come, Liverpool’s destiny is still in their own hands, but they will now have the pressure of having a City side that romped to the title with a record 100 points last season on their tails.Jurgen Klopp had predicted a “thunderstorm” of a start from the champions to match the Champions League quarter-final second leg between the sides last season when City roared into an early lead before Liverpool fought back to win 2-1 on the night and 5-1 on aggregate.However, despite City’s dominance of possession, it was Liverpool who looked the more assured in the early stages.And only the finest of margins denied the visitors the lead on 19 minutes when Sadio Mane burst onto Mohamed Salah’s pass and saw his shot come back off the inside of the post.And only the finest of margins denied the visitors the lead on 19 minutes when Sadio Mane burst onto Mohamed Salah’s pass and saw his shot come back off the inside of the post.John Stones then smacked his panicked clearance into City goalkeeper Ederson but the England international redeemed himself by clearing just before all of the ball had crossed the line.City were also handed a reprieve by referee Anthony Taylor when captain Vincent Kompany only saw a yellow card for a wild two-footed lunge on Salah.At the other end Virgil van Dijk was again justifying his tag as the world’s most expensive defender to keep City’s array of attacking talent quiet with he Dutchman standing tall to block David Silva’s effort.However, a Liverpool defence that had not conceded twice in the same game all season in the league before kick-off was breached when City managed to free Aguero from Van Dijk’s shackles.Sane threatened first with a pacey burst down the left and rising drive that Alisson Becker parried.But City recycled possession and Aguero beat Dejan Lovren to Bernardo Silva’s cross before firing into the roof of the net to score for the seventh time in seven home league games against Liverpool.Despite a combination of nerves and fatigue at the end of a gruelling festive period, the game truly came to life in a pulsating second-half.City had claims for a penalty waived away when Raheem Sterling tumbled under a challenge from Andy Robertson before the Scot was to play a vital part Liverpool’s equaliser.One Liverpool full-back picked out another as Trent Alexander-Arnold’s cross was met perfectly by Robertson to square for Firmino to head into an empty net.Pep Guardiola had his head in his hands when a slack pass from Sane set Liverpool free on the counter-attack moments later, but within seconds the German showed what he is capable of as he latched on Sterling’s pass before firing in off the far post.Alisson demonstrated why Liverpool spent a then world record £67 million for a goalkeeper in July to bolster their title chances with a brilliant save from Aguero as the Argentine tried to round him at the end of a blistering City counter-attack.Seconds later it was the turn of his understudy in the Brazil side to make a huge save as Ederson denied Salah as tempers flared with Guardiola furious a free-kick wasn’t awarded City’s way before the Egyptian broke clear.Sterling then wasted a great chance to ensure City didn’t have to see out a tense five minutes of stoppage time, but the hosts held out to put the title back up for grabs.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Sane hitting the winnerMANCHESTER, United Kingdom, Jan 3 – Manchester City inflicted Liverpool’s first Premier League defeat of the season to breathe new life into their title defence with a 2-1 victory at the Etihad on Thursday.City now trail Jurgen Klopp’s men by just four points thanks to Leroy Sane’s winner 18 minutes from time after Roberto Firmino had cancelled out Sergio Aguero’s first-half opener for the hosts.
A man who told a Garda that he would rape his family after being arrested has been remanded in custody.Damian Zygmunt was arrested by Gardai in Letterkenny, Co Donegal on Sunday evening. Zygmunt was already wanted by Gardai in connection with another matter for which there was a bench warrant out for his arrest from December, 2016.The 25-year-old from Riverside Apartments, Letterkenny is charge with three different assault charges as well as another charge under the Weapons and Firearms Act.Detective Garda Stephen McGonagle gave evidence of arresting Zygmunt at Sallaghraine, Letterkenny at 6.20pm.When the charges were put to him at Letterkenny Garda station, Zygmunt replied “I’ll rape your family.”Judge Paul Kelly remanded the accused in custody until Monday next, April 30th.Man told Garda he would rape his family when arrested was last modified: April 23rd, 2018 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:assaultcourtDamian DygmuntGardairape
THERE are severe lightning storms over two Donegal peninsulas this evening.Huge lightning bolts can be seen over Inishowen and Fanad in the past hour.“They are incredible,” said one donegaldaily.com reader. “They are lighting up the whole sky. I just hope my house doesn’t get hit,” she said from her home in Kerrykeel.Send us your pix to firstname.lastname@example.org – DONEGAL’S BIGGEST AND BEST 24-HOUR NEWS WEBSITE!BREAKING NEWS: LIGHTNING STORMS OVER FANAD, INISHOWEN was last modified: December 5th, 2011 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegal lightningdonegal weather
A Milford family have demanded justice after their pet dog was shot in the head at point blank range.Duke was blasted in the head at point-blank rangeNicola Budd was left devastated when she heard a loud bang and found their pet Duke dead in a field just one hundred yards from their home.At first the family thought three year old Duke had been knocked down. But on closer inspection they soon realised he had been gunned down.Nicola revealed “What happened next will haunt me for the rest of my life.“ I found our sweet, gentle soppy dog with half his face hanging off, his jaw severed, and his face peppered with blood-seeping shotgun pellet holes.“Duke was rushed to the vet, was sedated, and laid on a table, we stroked him, whispered to him, reassured him. The vet advised us that nothing more could be done for him due to the extent of his injuries, it was confirmed by the vet that Duke had been shot, and had been shot at virtual point blank range, we were advised to report it to the Guards immediately. And so, after a quick painless injection, Duke breathed his final breath,” revealed Nicola.Over the next two hours Nicola said she cleaned up, scrubbing the blood from the steps and around the house.Nicola says she rushed to do so as two of her children were at school and she did not want them to see the manner in which Duke died.”We also dug a grave for Duke in our garden, so the children would not ask to see him as to witness his face would have haunted their heads for some time,” said Nicola.She added “Telling the children that afternoon was the hardest thing we have ever had to do, watching there faces as they tried to comprehend what we was telling them, trying to comfort them as they broke down into tears, watching them run around the house calling out for their brother, trying, and failing to give them answers, listening to them say sweet prayers around his grave.” Nicola reported Duke’s killing to local Gardai who confirmed they are carrying out an investigation into the incident.A number of people have also been informally questioned about the killing of the family pet.Nicola says that ten days after the horrific incident, her family’s life has been changed forever.But she says she will continue to search for answers and is determined to find out who killed Duke and why they did so. “Duke has gone and there is a emptiness in the house, we miss him dearly, and still in many ways act as if he is still around each morning.“I go into the utility room to wish him good morning, each time the dishes need washing I scrape the remains onto a plate to give to Duke only then to remember that he is no longer with us.“ Time has stood still, his food bowls are in his cupboard, his collar too. We are in limbo and want answers, we want justice, Justice for Duke.“The cold reality is this someone held a gun to our dogs head, acting outside the confines of the law and pulled the trigger, Duke is now dead and no one has claimed responsibility.“ A member of our family, animal, dog, pet whatever label you wish to use, has been killed and we want justice,” fumed Nicola.A Facebook Page ‘Justice For Duke’ has been set up and a number of people have already left comments.FAMILY DEMAND JUSTICE AS PET DOG SHOT DEAD AT POINT BLANK RANGE was last modified: May 23rd, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:DOGDukeGardaiMilfordNicola Buddshot
Story Links Full Schedule Roster Overtime started with the teams trading three-pointers as Sammie Bachrodt (Wichita, Kan.) made the first followed by one from Missouri that was followed by Maddie Monahan’s (Silver Lake, Minn.). Cierra Porter then made one for the Tigers that tied the score at 70-70. Missouri scored to take the lead but it was brief as Hittner nailed a three-pointer to go up 73-72 with 1:38 on the clock. Cunningham made two more free throws to take the lead again, but Rhine made one of two free throws for another tie at 74-all. Amber Smith made a short jumper for a 76-74 lead, but Dean was fouled on the next possession. She made both free throws for the game’s final tie at 76-76 with 15 seconds left. After a timeout, Drake’s defense looked like it was going to force another extra period, but Jordan Roundtree threw up a deep desperation three-pointer with less than one second left as Hittner was called for a foul that resulted in three free throw attempts. Roundtree missed the first, made the second and missed the third as the Bulldogs quickly rebounded the miss and called timeout. With the ball at half court, Rose found Hittner open at the top of the arc but her game-winning attempt was long off the back of the rim as Drake’s outstanding 2018-19 season came to an end. PDF Box Score HTML Box Score Photo Gallery IOWA CITY, Iowa – Seventh-seeded Missouri made one free throw with less than one second left and Becca Hittner (Urbandale, Iowa) of the Drake University women’s basketball team had a three-pointer hit the back of the rim at the final buzzer as the Tigers held on for a 77-76 overtime win over No. 10 Drake in the first round of the NCAA Tournament Friday at Carver Hawkeye Arena. Sophie Cunningham scored a game-high 21 points for the Tigers, including making a pair of free throws with 41 seconds left that tied the game at 64-64 with 41 seconds left in regulation. Cunnigham’s free throws came after Brenni Rose (Shawnee, Kan.) put Drake up 64-62 with 2:37 left in the fourth quarter. It was a back-and-forth, exciting game with 14 ties and 12 lead changes. Rhine had a shot blocked in regulation with two seconds left and after a timeout Missouri (24-10) was able to get off a half court heave that was off the mark as the game went to overtime with the score 64-64. Hittner scored a team-high 19 points for Drake (27-7), which had three others finish in double figures. Hittner just missed a double-double with nine rebounds to go with four assists and one steal. Sara Rhine (Eldon, Mo.) had 18 points and Maddy Dean (Jordan, Minn.) added 10 points. Off the bench, Nicole Miller (Walker, Iowa) scored 12 points, handed out three assists and nabbed two steals. Bachrodt, Dean, Becca Jonas (Independence, Mo.) and Miller concluded outstanding careers with the heartbreaking loss. The quartet helped Drake win five MVC titles, 124 games and make the NCAA Tournament each of the past three seasons. Print Friendly Version
Roger Hanlon has studied octopi, squid and cuttlefish for decades. He stands in awe of their ability to camouflage themselves. In a Primer article for Current Biology,1 he detailed some of their sleight-of-skin magic tricks. His article has frames from a movie clip that show an octopus changing its skin from plain to mottled in milliseconds, then to almost pure white in two seconds. It’s not just the color that changes. Cephalopods also have the ability to change the texture of their skin from smooth to dimpled. They can also change the pattern from plain to mottled to what Hanlon calls “disruptive” – bold patterns that would include stripes and “light and dark patches of varying shapes, scales and orientations, and some patches [that] are usually of high contrast.” For such mechanisms to work, the octopus or cuttlefish has to have (1) eyes that can sense what kind of background they’re against, (2) brains that can process the information and send the appropriate signals to the skin, and (3) skin cells tied to neurons that can respond quickly and draw from a large suite of possible patterns. These cells include chromatophores (color cells), iridophores (reflecting cells) and papillae (skin cells that produce bumps). Putting it all together,Rapidity of visual change is accomplished by direct neural control of chromatophore organs, which are cytoelastic sacs of pigment with radial muscles attached around the periphery. Each muscle is innervated by motoneurons that originate in the lower motor centers of the brain, and they travel without any synapse to each chromatophore organ. Third, camouflage benefits from both optical and physical three-dimensional effects, the latter being due chiefly to the changeable skin papillae. Note in Figure 2 how the three-dimensionality of the skin is also under fine motor control. Curiously, although papillae expression is regulated by visual input, neither this nor the biomechanics of how the papillae operate as a muscular hydrostat in the skin has been studied in any detail.So here is a field of study ripe for investigation by biophysicists, neurologists, optical specialists, and specialists in a variety of fields. New techniques with underwater computers and spectrometers have just begun, he said. Hanlon’s team has performed experiments for five years with cuttlefish. They put them against all kinds of background patterns and watched how their camouflage systems responded. Surprisingly, it appears they are color blind! Yet “Their color matches to natural visual backgrounds appear to be excellent,” he said. How do they do it? Stay tuned: “we continue to search for mechanisms that help them achieve color-blind camouflage.” One of the most intriguing effects the octopus can achieve is the ability to send hidden messages. Hanlon explains:Other features of the cephalopod dynamic camouflage system have yet to be studied in detail. The skin, for example, is a marvelous example of rapid, highly coordinated optical malleability: pigmentary and structural coloration are combined in many ways to achieve vastly different appearances, both from close-up and distant viewing. The directional structural reflectors known as iridophores (which in most animals are passive reflectors) are not only under active control by cephalopods, but they produce polarized signals that pass unaffected through the overlying pigmented chromatophores. This raises the possibility that a dynamically camouflaged cephalopod could be simultaneously sending a ‘hidden’ signal to a conspecific, because cephalopods can perceive polarized light while most of their predators cannot, while remaining well camouflaged using pigmented chromatophores.(cf. 12/15/2006). If true, this indicates that cephalopods already mastered another human trick: hiding in plain sight. Cryptologists have considered it a challenging puzzle to communicate a secret message in the presence of an adversary, like two jailmates communicating a secret to one another while an active warden is watching them. Called steganography, the art of concealing a message in plain sight is a lively subject in computer technology. You can find software programs that will hide or detect secret messages embedded in pictures or sound files, for instance. Here, it appears that octopi, squid and cuttlefish have known this trick all along. Lastly, an octopus can alter its whole shape to mimic something else. Camouflage works well when you are hovering still, but what about when you need to move about for foraging or finding a mate? Hanlon shows a picture of an octopus shaping its body like a flounder. It not only imitates the overall shape, but mimics the fins, the behavior and speed of the fish. The “mimic octopus” of Indonesia has even more tricks up its sleeve. It can look like a lionfish or sea snake, among other things (see MarineBio.com and picture of it looking somewhat like a rabbit). Some of these tricks are illustrated in motion in the film series Incredible Creatures that Defy Evolution. One episode also shows the cuttlefish with rapid-fire lighting effects that can hypnotize its prey.2 1Roger Hanlon, “Primer: Cephalopod dynamic camouflage,” Current Biology, Volume 17, Issue 11, 5 June 2007, Pages R400-R404, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.03.034.2For the record, Roger Hanlon is an evolutionist with no connection to these films.Sadly, we now have to switch from the Amazing Facts thought pattern to the Dumb Ideas thought pattern. Roger’s excellent article was marred by repeated references to evolution having accomplished these things. Nowhere did he explain how a blind process could achieve them, just that they did. Notice how he puts have evolved in past tense as a matter of assumed fact, right alongside incredible wonders of design:Cephalopods have evolved a different life history tactic: with their keen vision and sophisticated skin – with direct neural control for rapid change and fine-tuned optical diversity – they move where they wish and can adapt their body pattern for appropriate camouflage against a staggering array of visual backgrounds….How many camouflage patterns are there, and how many visual tricks have evolved to deceive visual predators?While evolution has produced body colorations and patterns of bewildering diversity, we may be observing a trend in which certain effective pattern types are conserved across phyla and ecological habitat.We do not yet understand the type of mimicry involved (for example, Batesian or Mullerian), the evolution of this form of camouflage, or the visual stimulation that may evoke it.Future studies on fish vision would help us understand not only the anatomical organization of cephalopod pigments and structural reflectors, but the details of the whole-animal patterns that have evolved in response to the wide array of predator visual systems.The worst example is right at the end of the article. Evolutionists are the worst offenders at question-begging among educated people. Read the following paragraph and ask yourself how any intelligent person could say such a thing, linking art, science, high technology and system-wide complexity to Darwin’s theory of blind chance – unless he had been brainwashed aforethought that miracles are possible in Charlie’s web of belief:The subtle ways in which edges, shadows, outlines, patterns, colors, contrast and papillae are used by animals for camouflage or communication also seem to have much in common with art, photography, landscape architecture and related fields, because light and dimensionality are being manipulated in similar fashion. When watching the video from Figure 1, the aphorism “truth is stranger than fiction” comes to mind, especially when compared to the ‘invisibility cloaks’ that have recently received so much attention in the popular media. The speed and fluidity with which cephalopods simultaneously maintain predator awareness, search for prey, and coordinate a camouflage body pattern with each microhabitat offers insight into how a complex biological organism works as an intact system. There are great challenges yet to confront in understanding the sensory and behavioral interactions between visual predators and prey, and it is humbling yet intriguing to think that such an ancient lineage as the mollusks has evolved such a sophisticated system with which to test camouflage.Thus an otherwise stimulating paragraph was deflated by those two little words, “has evolved.” For extreme intellectual schizophrenia and the worst case of begging the question in recent memory, this paragraph easily wins Stupid Evolution Quote of the Week.(Visited 43 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0