His path began as many others, after watching a video of Cristiano Ronaldo and deciding that he wanted to give football a try. From humble beginnings, living in the Kaugere suburb of Port Moresby, he has gone on to become the first Papua New Guinean footballer to play professionally in Europe. After he signed for Dutch Eredivisie Team, PEC Zwolle in 2015.Born in Port Moresby, he left Papua New Guinea at the young age of 15, after being awarded with a scholarship at Saint Peters College in Auckland, New Zealand. After playing in the 2011 Oceania Football Confederation’s ( OFC) Under 17 Men’s Tournament for Papua New Guinea.However, his start to football in New Zealand began tragically, as after his arrival, his father passed away .Showing great character, he worked hard in his first year in Auckland after his father’s passing. He played for the high school and local well-known football club, Central United FC, and by the end of his second season with the club, he was awarded player of the year for his efforts.He went on to represent the local state side and became top goal scorer for Saint Peters College, before catching the eye of Auckland City FC (ACFC) where he became a first team player.In the 3 years he spent at the club, he scored 10 goals and made 33 appearences, won the OFC Champions League twice and was part of the ACFC squad that finished 3rd in the 2014 FIFA Club World Cup in Morocco.In 2015, he trialled with the Nike Football Academy, already having more accolades than some professional players and was awarded a place in the squad, but at the same time was offered a professional contract in The Netherlands, he chose the latter option: Signing to PEC Zwolle.Since then, his career has seen him move to another Eredivisie Club, FC Groningen. He’s at the moment a part of the club’s under 23 team, trying to play his way into the 1st team and with him playing well in recent pre-season matches, he’s putting himself in a position to do so.David’s story of how he made it to Europe is unique and I hope the young 20-year-old can build on his career in Europe and continue to draw a pathway for future Papua New Guinean footballers to do the same.
Mauricio Pochettino, former coach of Tottenham Hotspur, said about Quique Setién, who yesterday was introduced as a new coach of FC Barcelona, which lies ahead “a great opportunity to live your dream“.The Argentine, who it sounded like one of the candidates to replace Ernesto Valverde in the Catalan team, he was one of the guests at the event that LaLiga held this Wednesday in London to present his LaLigaTV channel, which will broadcast the Spanish championship in the United Kingdom. Asked about Quique Setién, new coach of Barcelona, Pochettino gave his opinion. “Barcelona is one of the best teams in the world. With a new coach, everyone expects him to continue the philosophy. It is a great challenge for Setién. He has shown a lot of love for Cruyff. It is a great opportunity for you to live your dream“Pochettino explained. Setién, who was coach of Real Betis, replaced Valverde at the helm of Barcelona this week.
Dear Editor,Guyanese are now faced with the revival of the Burnham era- not by the PNC, but by the Alliance for Change, a political party whom the electorate had placed their trust and confidence to make ‘the right turn’ away from corruption, cronyism, racial discrimination and vendetta politics. The AFC were supposed to bring in a new political culture which would herald peace and harmony among Guyanese, but since coalescing, it has continued to make all the wrong turns!Moreover, whatever miniscule shred of respectability had remained in the AFC is now gone forever, and there is not even a glimmer of hope that it can be regained. The curse is now complete, and the AFC is ‘dead meat’. But what is ironic is the fact that the same man who prognosticated that the AFC will be ‘dead meat’ if it coalesces with the APNU is the same man who was instrumental in fulfilling his own prophecy!I had written to the media, through a TV station in Berbice, with regards to the veiled threats issued by the Minister of Public Security, Mr Khemraj Ramjattan, where he claimed on the Alliance on the Move program that PPP supporters were intimidating people from putting their names on the AFC’s candidate list. He further said that the Guyana Police Force will be called in to deal with these PPP supporters.However, it was later found that people were tricked into signing the AFC’s backers’ lists at Whim/Bloomfield, 51/Good Hope, and many other LAAs. This matter was subjected to a High Court hearing and the Public Security Minister again made a statement on television that he would deal with the person who filed that petition. That person was Safraz Beekam, a PPP candidate from the Whim Bloomfield LAA.Unfortunately, the fact that the case went in favor of the AFC did nothing to allay the insecurity of the AFC. It was time for vendetta politics and to promote a campaign to get voters’ sympathy and to up its smear campaign against the PPP. This is the only way it can swing some votes in its favor. It must be noted that the AFC was thrown into the deep by the APNU and it is now a make or break situation. The AFC must deliver votes to retain its place in the Coalition, failing which, it will be disgraced and unceremoniously kicked out of the partnership and mark the end of the Cummingsburg Accord as it is. It must be noted that the AFC got a bigger share of the pie than they should have gotten and that must now be rectified by the APNU.Fortunately, the melodrama now playing at Whim will not serve the purpose intended and the hasty press release by the AFC which states that, “The AFC views this as a terror attack both on Ms Permaul and the lives of her children and father and her home. This act is consistent with the old political tactics of fear which is resorted to by certain political entities” clearly implicates the People’s Progressive Party. Why would the AFC go to such a length when the police had not even initiated an investigation into the alleged arson? It is also too suspect when it is considered that it was the alleged victim who actually posed as a GECOM staff and tricked Beekam to sign the backers form, and it was Beekam, a PPP candidate who filed the petition in the High Court.The AFC must understand that the accusation it is now making against the PPP marked a period when Nagamootoo and Ramjattan were executive members of the PPP, therefore, if they are correct in their conclusion then there should be a commission of inquiry wherein these two former PPP stalwarts must testify to these allegedly nefarious criminal activities. Furthermore, they are now accountable to the Guyanese people to give examples of these ‘acts of terrorism’ alluded to in the press release. In addition, it can also be assumed that these two former PPP members can now be deemed experts in the use of ‘threats and terror’ and therefore have the competence and the power (one is the prime Minister and one is the Minister of Public Security) to unleash these as is evidenced by Ramjattan’s threat to ‘fix’ Beekam.Mr Nagamotoo and Ramjattan should focus on the trickery which is now being perpetrated within the AFC against its own members. At the 51/Good Hope LAA, a pastor who is an AFC member filled out a backers form with 30 names as the constituency candidate but his Form 13 was scrapped and his backers’ list was attached to the From 13 of a woman who was holidaying overseas and came into the country after nomination was long closed. The pastor has since engaged the leaders of the party but was told that it was GECOM’s ‘error’. It is sad and disappointing that the AFC has no qualms and moral scruples and would resort to even trick and deceive its own!The AFC seems to have now perfected the art of deceit and trickery!Yours sincerely,Haseef Yusuf
Fort St. John City Council moved to accept three proclamations at the Committee of the Whole on Tuesday.The first was put forward by Brent Hodson, and was to have council officially proclaim the month of November as “Movember.” It is the fourth such campaign in Canada and is designed to rally men in Canada to grow mustaches during November to raise awareness and funds for prostate cancer.- Advertisement -It is the hope of campaign chair Brent Hodson that the proclamation will help extend Movember to the entire city. Interested men or women can register and find further information at www.Movember.com.Secondly it was proclaimed by council that the month of October is declared “Community Living Month” for the Fort St. John Association for Community Living. It is the 50th anniversary of the Association and council noted the exceptional work they do in the community. The proclamation was put forward by Cory Goodwin, who serves as the Association’s Special Projects Coordinator.Lastly the week of Oct. 18-24 has been declared as “Waste Reduction Week.” The purpose of the week is to raise awareness about waste and its environmental and social impacts. Council note that the Fort St. John community is committed to conserving resources, educating the community and protecting the environment. The proclamation was put forward by Northern Environmental Action Team President Jarrod Bell.
Dave Stevens joins the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast to round up the latest sporting odds.The Coral spokesman looks ahead to this weekend’s Premier League action, including Liverpool’s trip to QPR and Chelsea’s visit to Crystal Palace.He also discusses Harry Redknapp’s future at Loftus Road and claims the QPR boss could be heading for the chop, with reports Tim Sherwood may be in line to replace him.Coral is the official betting partner of the Alan Brazil Sports BreakfastTune into talkSPORT on Sunday for live and exclusive national radio coverage of QPR v Liverpool, kick-off 13:30
Tottenham ended Chelsea’s unbeaten start to the Premier League and leaped above their London rivals in the table with a fine 3-1 victory at Wembley.Spurs were dominant throughout and claimed a deserved win through goals from impressive trio Dele Alli, Harry Kane and Heung-min Son. Aurier kept Hazard quiet at Wembley 5 5 Dele loves scoring against Chelsea 5 Toby Alderweireld – 7Commanded the Spurs’ back-four brilliantly and also came close to scoring. Would be a blow to lose a player of his quality, as it looks like may happen in the coming months.Juan Foyth – 7Probably the 20-year-old’s biggest game in a Spurs shirt, and did he looked fazed? Not one jot. Combined well with Alderweireld, with Alvaro Morata not getting a sniff all game, although he lost sight of Giroud as the Frenchman headed in a late consolation for Chelsea.Toby Alderweireld – 7Commanded the Spurs’ back-four brilliantly and also came close to scoring. Would be a blow to lose a player of his quality, as it looks like may happen in the coming months.Ben Davies – 7Solid performance from the Welshman, who frustrated Chelsea’s Brazilian flyer Willian all evening and linked up well with left-sided partner Son. 5 Chelsea looked lost for ideas for large periods, as Mauricio Pochettino’s side bossed the match and climbed two points above the Blues into third place.It was superb team performance from Spurs, but three players stood out for much more than their match winning goals.See talkSPORT.com’s player ratings for Tottenham’s win over Chelsea below…Hugo Lloris – 7He’s been flappy recently, but Spurs captain was assured when called upon – and that wasn’t very often. Deserved a clean sheet, but could do little to prevent Olivier Giroud’s late header.Serge Aurier – 8Had the unenviable task of marking Eden Hazard at right-back, but the Ivorian excelled. The Belgian’s growing frustration as the game went on was testament to his performance, and he whipped a few dangerous crosses when he got forward, too. Moussa Sissoko – 8The Frenchman has resurrected his Spurs career, much to everyone’s surprise, and he was again all over the pitch tonight. He broke up play, kept Tottenham’s midfield ticking over and made some great forward passes. Superb all-round display.Eric Dier – 7An assured performance from the England man, who broke up Chelsea’s attacking surges and kept things simple as he hovered just in front of the defence.Christian Eriksen – 7His future at the club may be uncertain, but it’s not affecting his form. The creative genius of Tottenham’s team, he got an assist and is the sort of quality player the club just can’t afford to lose.Dele Alli (subbed on 87 mins) – 8Another game against Chelsea, another goal for Dele. His header from Christian Eriksen’s free kick was his sixth in his last five games against the Blues, and he hit the crossbar later on too. Great display by the England man.Heung-min Son (subbed on 78 mins) – 9Terrorised the Chelsea back-four today and scored a stunning solo goal after a brilliant run from the right flank. It’s obvious to see why Spurs fans love him. His 50th goal for the club, too, although many supporters will point out he should have more than that, given the amount of chances he has. Son was given Man-of-the-Match for his dazzling performance against Chelsea 5 Harry Kane – 8Is there a more complete centre forward in the game right now? He just does everything, and when he isn’t giving defenders nightmares with his movement and with the ball in his feet, he’s putting in slide tackles and helping out his midfield. Capped his performance with a goal, although missed a great chance for another in the second-half.SUB: Erik Lamela – N/AHis silky footwork to take the ball past Eden Hazard had the Spurs fans cheering, but the Argentine did little else in his ten minutes cameo.SUB: Harry Winks – N/ACame on with just three minutes to go to relieve Alli, the No.8 saw little action in the game’s closing moments. Spurs celebrate against Chelsea Harry Kane scored his 12th goal of the season
Live Audio Drake remains the top scoring team in the MVC at 78.4 points per game. Additionally, its defense is ranked second in field goal percentage defense at 39.8 percent in MVC games. Drake has held three of its four MVC opponents to less than 40 percent shooting. The Drake University men’s basketball team takes its perfect 4-0 Missouri Valley Conference record and five-game win streak on the road to Valparaiso for its first game against the Crusaders as conference foes. Tipoff for Wednesday’s midweek contest is set for 7 p.m. with the game being broad on The Valley on ESPN3. Drake’s offense has been fueled as of late by sharing the ball as 60 percent of the team’s baskets in the last five games have been assisted and the team has had a positive assist-to-turnover ratio in four of those games. The Bulldogs have recorded 17 or more assists in a game nine times this season and a positive assist-to-turnover ratio in 11 games this season. Currently, the team’s 16.1 assists per game rank 63rd nationally and the 1.32 assist to turnover ratio ranks 40th in the nation. Both are the top averages in the Valley this season. Drake Game Notes Individually, the Bulldogs are led by reigning MVC Player of the Week Reed Timmer (New Berlin, Wis.) who averaged 23.0 points per game in last week’s MVC victories. The Crusaders counter with Tevonn Walker’s 14.5 points per game in MVC contests. Story Links Live Stats ESPN3 Following Wednesday’s game, the Bulldogs’ return home to host Evansville Saturday at 2 p.m. Saturday’s contest will be the Bulldogs’ ‘Hometown Heroes’ game and all first responders (police, fire, EMT) and military personnel will receive up to four (4) complimentary tickets by showing a badge or applicable form of ID on game day. Print Friendly Version The Bulldogs and Crusaders meet for the seventh time in the programs’ respective histories with Valpo winning four of the previous meetings, including the last, 66-46, Nov. 28, 2014, in Nashville, Tenn. The Bulldogs already have two MVC roads to their credit with wins at SIU and most recently at Indiana State for the most MVC road wins by the program since 2012-13. The Crusaders are 6-1 on their home court this season and 10-7 overall on the year in addition to their 1-3 MVC mark.
Readers will note some candidates for Stupid Evolution Quote of the Week that got overlooked.Moral evolution: In the Oct 6 issue, Michael Waldmann reviewed Moral Minds: How Nature Designed Our Universal Sense of Right and Wrong by Marc D. Hauser (Prentice-Hall, 2006) – an odd title mixing metaphors of naturalism and design. As could be expected, morality is discussed in purely naturalistic terms of natural selection and neuroscience, ignoring centuries of theological and philosophical input on such a sensitive subject so close to the human heart. This is true even though Waldmann praises Hauser at one point, “Although Hauser is not shy about his theoretical preferences, he presents alternative theories in a fair manner.” The only alternatives mentioned by the author or reviewer, however, are those based on evolutionary assumptions.It’s painful to leave these articles behind without more detailed analysis, but after all, this is a “Headlines” website. Readers interested in these topics are encouraged to go to the original sources for further study. Keep the Baloney Detector handy, though. As the quotes from “Brainy ideas” bullet indicate, evolutionists perennially assume that blind processes of chance can produce exquisitely engineered products. Once the Darwin Party is forced to back up these claims instead of asserting them unchallenged, the gig will be up, and design science will be back in vogue. When Darwinism finally falls into the dustbin of history, a fresh new way of looking at the world will open up in art, science, literature, history and every other field of study. Some of these ideas were investigated in a new book by Benjamin Wiker and Jonathan Witt, A Meaningful World: How the Arts & Sciences Reveal the Genius of Nature. This book is getting rave reviews by leaders in the intelligent design community. For instance, Michael Behe said, “A Meaningful World is simply the best book I’ve seen on the purposeful design of nature… the authors portray the depth, elegance, clarity and pure cleverness of a universe designed to nurture the intelligent life that one day would discover that design. A Meaningful World recovers lost purpose not only for science, but for all scholarly disciplines.” Chuck Colson in his BreakPoint commentary spoke highly of it and included links for further information.(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Interesting articles from recent issues of Science have piled up in the queue. These might have made separate entries in CEH if time and space were unlimited.Deep Impact: The team of the Deep Impact mission to a comet published spectral results in the July 13 issue. “Emission signatures due to amorphous and crystalline silicates, amorphous carbon, carbonates, phyllosilicates, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, water gas and ice, and sulfides were found” in the plume of dust flung out by the probe.Keep on rovin’: Steve Squyres and the Mars Exploration Rover team celebrated two years at Meridiani Planum by Opportunity in a paper on scientific results in the Sept 8 issue. They argued that “ancient Meridiani once had abundant acidic groundwater, arid and oxidizing surface conditions, and occasional liquid flow on the surface.” In the Sept 29 issue, Squyres and two colleagues discussed “Merging views on Mars,” about how data from orbiters and rovers is coming together to provide comprehensive models of Mars history. They speculated, “Both the roughly neutral pH suggested by phyllosilicates and the lower pH suggested by sulfates could have produced habitable surface environments; the former may have been more suitable for the origin of life.” Yet evidence for surface water appears local, not global.Plume gloom: A major paradigm shift has been occurring in geology over the theory of mantle plumes and hotspots, and Science has had several stories on the controversy: On Sept 1, a Perspectives article discussed discrepancies with plume theory in its classic case, the Hawaiian seamount bend. Also in the Sept 1 issue, another Perspectives piece asked if a chain of offshore Japanese volcanoes is “Another nail in the plume coffin?” Three weeks later in the Sept 22 issue, Richard Kerr asked if plumes are phantom or real: “Seismologists probing the planet’s depths are generating tantalizing images, but whereas some researchers see signs of plumes feeding volcanic hot spots, others see noise.”Radiocarbonization: Those interested in the assumptions behind radiocarbon dating should check Michael Balter’s article in the Sept 15 issue, “Radiocarbon dating’s final frontier.” He talks about the “heroic and contentious effort” to calibrate the method to 50,000 years, but unveils how coming up with a “calibration curve” is a controversial matter. Here’s a sample about Paul Mellars (U of Cambridge) that may raise eyebrows on how the sausage is made:Mellars insists that archaeologists can’t wait for a final calibration curve. “Are we all really expected to keep studies of modern human origins on hold for the next 5 years, until they decide they’ve finally got the calibration act together?” he asks. The working group, he argues, “has hijacked the term ‘calibration’ to mean an absolutely agreed, rubber stamped, legalistic, signed, sealed, and delivered curve.” And even when the experts agree on a curve, Mellars says, it will not be “final and absolute” but “simply the best estimate from the data at the time.”Ocean motion: Richard Kerr discussed a surprising discovery Sept 22 that plankton are a major factor in stirring the ocean. This “preposterous” conclusion is supported by measurements of how krill descend into the depths during the day and ascent at night to feed. The sheer numbers of these swimmers are a major factor in agitating ocean waters, and could be affecting global climate as well. On Oct. 13, a press release about this was published from Florida State University.Asteroid puzzles: Robert Clayton gave a summary of asteroid science in the Sept 22 issue. One puzzle is interpreting oxygen isotope differences in terms of accretion history. “An additional unsolved problem in planet formation is the possibility of large oxygen isotope differences between the Sun and the inner planets.” Greenwood et al. discussed this in more detail, also in the Sept 22 issue. They had to postulate that “intense asteroidal deformation accompanied planetary accretion in the early Solar System” was responsible for the stony-iron meteorites. In the Oct 6 issue, Richard Kerr asked, “Has lazy mixing spoiled the primordial stew?” Drawing on the studies of isotopic composition in meteorites, he warned that new findings “indicate that the notion of permanent layering in Earth’s depths may rest on shaky assumptions about the chemistry of the early solar system.”Lab goof? Elisabeth Pennisi explored whether a previous claim that plants can recover their grandparent’s genomes was due to contamination in the lab, in the Sept 29 issue. One lab can’t reproduce the other’s and vice versa. The jury is still out, she concludes.Ribosome in focus: Scientists continue to resolve more detail in the DNA-translating factory, the ribosome. The Sept 7 issue had a paper on the structure of the 70S ribosome complexed with mRNA and tRNA, including details of the roles of metal ions and proteins in the intersubunit bridges. The authors didn’t explain how these could have evolved, other than to say, twice, that they “had evolved” to do this or that function.Brainy ideas: The Oct. 6 issue featured computational neuroscience, with no less than a dozen articles and book reviews on the subject. Evolutionary neurologists strive to reduce everything, even human altruism and the moral sense, to the connections of neurons and the actions of neurotransmitters in the synapses. Peter Stern and John Travis gave an overview of the field in Of Bytes and Brains. When these articles mentioned evolution at all, most of them merely assumed it, such as this selection from Greg Miller’s An enterprising approach to brain science, which can be considered representative: “This memory-prediction framework has evolved to take advantage of the spatial and temporal structure in our surroundings, Hawkins says, which helps explain why brains easily do certain tasks that give computers fits.” If you need more examples, here are the only three mentions of evolution in Ingrid Wickelgren’s piece, Vision’s grand theorist: [Eero] Simoncelli’s analyses have already solved several longstanding mysteries in visual science: for example, how the brain assembles a moving picture of the world and why humans drive too quickly in the fog. He’s also helped explain how evolution may have sculpted the brain to respond ideally to the visual environment on Earth.Next, Simoncelli wanted to link his image analysis to the human visual system. He hypothesized that evolution may have forced the brain to encode the visual world in the most efficient, mathematically optimal way. Using that concept, Simoncelli and his colleagues reported in 2001 that the nonlinear responses of neurons, such as those in the primary visual cortex at the back of the brain, are well-matched to the statistical properties of the visual environment on Earth, that is, the mathematical patterns of lightness and darkness that recur in visual scenes.The result may help explain how evolution nudged certain visual neurons to be acutely sensitive to object edges and contours, for example.
Mary AlexanderThe South African economy’s global competitiveness remains steady, coming in at 45th out of 134 countries in the Global Competitiveness Report 2008-2009, published by the World Economic Forum (WEF). In the 2007-8 report it was ranked at 44th out of 131 countries surveyed.This makes South Africa by far the most competitive country in sub-Saharan Africa, with its closest rival, Botswana, coming in at 56th place, and Mauritius at 57th. It is also more competitive than European countries such as Italy, Greece and Poland, as well as than other developing countries such as India, Brazil and Mexico.Despite the current global financial crisis the US retained its top spot in the rankings, with Switzerland second and Denmark third. The report ranks countries according to the Global Competitiveness Index (GCI), which looks at 12 “pillars” that include macroeconomic stability, market size, business sophistication and infrastructure.“South Africa, ranked 45th overall, remains the highest ranked country in sub-Saharan Africa, with a very stable performance,” the WEF said in its summary of the report.“Among the country’s strengths is the large size of the economy, particularly by regional standards (ranked 23rd in the market size pillar).“The country continues to receive good marks in the more complex areas measured by the GCI, such as intellectual property protection (23rd), the quality of private institutions (25th) and goods (31st), as well as financial market efficiency (24th), business sophistication (33rd) and innovation.”South Africa came close to the best in the world in the individual categories contained in each of the 12 pillars, coming in at fourth out of 134 for “financing through the local equity market” and “strength of auditing and reporting standards”, and fifth for “regulation of securities exchanges”. Other notable rankings for the country were:Efficacy of corporate boards: 8Strength of investor protection: 9Financial market sophistication: 12Effectiveness of anti-monopoly policy: 13Protection of minority shareholders’ interests: 13Soundness of banks: 15The WEF also praised South Africa’s capacity for innovation.“South Africa benefits from high spending on R&D, accompanied by strong collaboration between universities and the business sector in innovation (both ranked 28th).Obtacles to competitivenessBut the country was near the bottom of the rankings in the healthcare and primary education pillar, coming in at 122 out of 134. Its labour market efficiency was also low, at 88th place.“South Africa does face a number of obstacles to competitiveness,” the WEF said. “For example, the labour market is ranked a low 88th for its lack of flexibility. Further, the country’s innovative potential could be at risk with a university enrolment rate of only 15%, which places the country 93rd overall.“The poor security situation remains another important obstacle to doing business in South Africa.“The greatest concern, however, remains the health of the workforce, ranked 129th out of 134 countries, due to high rates of communicable diseases and poor health indicators more generally.”South Africa’s global competitiveness 2008-2009Rank out of 134GCI 2008–2009: 45 Basic requirements: 69 1st pillar: Institutions: 462nd pillar: Infrastructure: 483rd pillar: Macroeconomic stability: 634th pillar: Health and primary education: 122Efficiency enhancers: 35 5th pillar: Higher education and training: 576th pillar: Goods market efficiency: 317th pillar: Labor market efficiency: 888th pillar: Financial market sophistication: 249th pillar: Technological readiness: 4910th pillar: Market size: 23Innovation and sophistication factors: 36 11th pillar: Business sophistication: 3312th pillar: Innovation: 37Do you have queries or comments about this article? Email Mary Alexander at email@example.com.Related articlesSouth Africa’s economyDoing business easier in SAManuel to chair IMF committee Useful linksWorld Economic Forum WEF Global Competitiveness Index South African Department of Trade and Industry
The Cape Floral Region, one of South Africa’s eight World Heritage sites, comprises eight protected areas.Unesco’s World Heritage Committee declared the 553 000-hectare Cape Floral Region to be of “outstanding universal significance to humanity”. (Image: South African History Online)Brand South Africa reporterThe Cape Floral Region, one of South Africa’s eight World Heritage sites, comprises eight protected areas stretching from the Cape Peninsula to the Eastern Cape, cutting across spectacular mountain and ocean scenery and containing some of the richest plant biodiversity in the world.The region was the sixth South African site to be inscribed on the World Heritage List of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Unesco).Unesco’s World Heritage Committee declared the 553 000-hectare Cape Floral Region to be of “outstanding universal significance to humanity”, describing it as “one of the richest areas for plants in the world”.The Cape Floral Region “represents less than 0.5% of the area of Africa, but is home to nearly 20% of the continent’s flora,” Unesco said. “Its plant species diversity, density and endemism are among the highest worldwide, and it has been identified as one of the world’s 18 biodiversity hot-spots.“The site displays outstanding ecological and biological processes associated with the Fynbos vegetation, which is unique to the Cape Floral Region.“Unique plant reproductive strategies, adaptive to fire, patterns of seed dispersal by insects, as well as patterns of endemism and adaptive radiation found in the flora, are of outstanding value to science.”Eight protected areasThe “serial” heritage site comprises eight protected areas considered to be the most important examples of the Cape floral kingdom: Table Mountain; De Hoop Nature Reserve; the Boland mountain complex; the Groot Winterhoek wilderness area; the Swartberg mountains; the Boosmansbos wilderness area; the Cederberg wilderness area; and Baviaanskloof, which straddles the Western and Eastern Cape boundary.Kirstenbosch Botanical Garden on the slopes of Table Mountain is included in the site, the first time a botanical garden has been included in one of Unesco’s world heritage sites.The region follows the Cape fold belt of mountains, the Cedarberg and Hottentots Holland mountains, then cuts through the Langeberg, Outeniquas, Tsitsikamma, Swartberg and Zuurberg mountains, encompassing key sections of the Cape floral kingdom, the smallest and richest of the world’s six floral kingdoms – and the only one to be contained within one country.Cape floral kingdomSouth Africa has the third-highest level of biodiversity in the world, thanks in no small part to the Cape floral kingdom. The Table Mountain National Park alone has more plant species within its 22 000 hectares than the whole British Isles or New Zealand.A stretch of land and sea spanning 90 000 square kilometres, or 0.05% of the earth’s land area, the Cape floral kingdom contains roughly 3% of the world’s plant species – at about 456 species per 1 000 square kilometres.Of the 9 600 species of vascular plants (plants with vessels for bearing sap) found in the Cape floral kingdom, about 70% are endemic, in other words, occur nowhere else on earth.The area’s freshwater and marine environments are similarly unique, with plants and animals adapted to highly specialised environments.And when it comes to fauna, the kingdom boasts 11 000 marine animal species, 3 500 of which are endemic, and 560 vertebrate species, including 142 reptile species, of which 27 are endemic.Sources: South African History Online, Cape Nature.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material