New Delhi: Karnataka Chief Minister H D Kumaraswamy moved the Supreme Court Friday contending that Governor Vajubhai Vala cannot dictate Speaker K R Ramesh to conduct the proceedings of the Assembly which is debating the confidence motion moved by him. Kumaraswamy questioned the deadlines set by the Governor one after another to complete the trust vote. He said directions of the Governor are completely contrary and ex-facie in contravention of apex court’s earlier verdict. Also Read – Squadrons which participated in Balakot air strike awarded citations on IAF Day In his application, Kumaraswamy contended: “No such direction on trust vote could have been issued by Governor when confidence motion was already initiated.” He submitted that the Governor cannot dictate the House on the manner in which debate on the Confidence motion has to take place. The Chief Minister also sought clarification of the apex court’s July 17 order that the 15 rebel MLAs can’t be compelled to attend Assembly proceedings. The Governor had on Thursday set a deadline of 1:30 PM on Friday for the conclusion of the trust vote, which was not met. Thereafter, Vala again sent a communication extending the deadline till 6:00 pm.
New York: The US dollar strengthened against its major rivals on Friday amid a slew of economic data. In late New York trading, the euro fell to $1.1219 from $1.1266 in the previous session, and the British pound decreased to $1.2499 from $1.2538 in the previous session, Xinhua reported. The Australian dollar decreased to $0.7043 from $0.7066. The US dollar bought 107.77 Japanese yen, higher than 107.51 Japanese yen of the previous session. The US dollar decreased to 0.9825 Swiss franc from 0.9832 Swiss franc, and it increased to 1.3062 Canadian dollars from 1.3045 Canadian dollars. Also Read – Thermal coal import may surpass 200 MT this fiscal The dollar index, which measures the greenback against six major peers, was up 0.36 per cent at 97.1493 in late trading. US consumer sentiment index edged up to 98.4 in July from 98.2 in June, according to a preliminary reading from the University of Michigan. Economists surveyed by MarketWatch had forecast a reading of 99. The data came as markets are pricing high on the U.S. Federal Reserve’s rate cut moves later this month. Market expectations for a July rate cut were 100 per cent, according to CME Group’s FedWatch tool late Friday, with investors pricing in some 22.5 per cent chance of a more aggressive cut.
EDMONTON – The Alberta government has introduced legislation that would give the energy minister power to restrict the flow of oil, gasoline and natural gas leaving the province.Once passed, Marg McCuaig-Boyd would be able to direct truckers, pipeline companies and rail operators on how much product could be shipped and when.Violaters would face fines of up to $1 million a day for individuals and $10 million a day for a corporation.Alberta is locked in a dispute with British Columbia over the Trans Mountain pipeline.The pipeline expansion to the West Coast has been approved by the federal government, but B.C. is fighting it in the courts.Alberta Premier Rachel Notley is declining to frame the legislation as solely payback to B.C., but she says her government is committed to putting pressure on its western neighbour.
New York- As was the case in recent years, the United States drafted the annual resolution that will extend the mandate of the United Mission in the Sahara, known as MINURSO, until April 2015. The draft resolution, which has been circulated to the 15 members of the Security Council, does not include any provision for the establishment of a human rights monitoring mechanism in the Sahara and the Tindouf camps.It, however, calls on both sides, Morocco and the Polisario, to respect human rights and stresses “the importance of improving the human rights situation in Western Sahara and the Tindouf camps, and encouraging the parties to work with the international community to develop and implement independent and credible measures to ensure full respect for human rights.” The draft resolution, which is expected to be put to a vote on April 29, also “recognizes and welcomes the recent steps and initiatives taken by Morocco to strengthen the National Council on Human Rights Commissions operating in Dakhla and Laayoune.”In addition to renewing MINURSO’s mandate for another year, it also praises Morocco’s willingness to cooperate with individual U.N. Human Rights Council investigators.In the advance copy of the UN’s annual report on the “Situation in the Western Sahara”, which was released on April 10th, while welcoming the efforts made by Morocco to improve human rights in the Sahara and both parties’ readiness (Morocco and the Polisario) to cooperate with United Nations human rights bodies, the United Nations Secretary General stressed that “such positive developments should contribute to a more balanced and comprehensive monitoring of human rights.He went on to say that “The end goal nevertheless remains a sustained, independent and impartial human rights monitoring mechanism, covering both the Territory and the camps.”But, after the phone conversation between Morocco’s king and the UN chief, the word “mechanism” was deleted from the final UN report. Accordingly paragraph 100 of the report reads as follows: “The end goal nevertheless remains the sustained, independent and impartial monitoring of human rights, covering both the Territory and the camps.”During the conversation he held with Ban ki-moon, King Mohammed reiterated Morocco’s “constant commitment and constructive cooperation to reach a final political settlement to this regional dispute, within Moroccan sovereignty.”The King further emphasized the “imperative need to preserve the negotiations parameters as they were defined by the Security Council, safeguard the current framework and modalities of the UN involvement and avoid biased approaches and risky options.”“Any straying from this track will be fatal for the ongoing process and holds dangers for any UN involvement in the issue,” the king added. © Morocco World News. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, rewritten or redistributed.
Companies mentioned in this article: (TSX:ERF, TSX:WCP, TSX:CPG)The Canadian Press CALGARY — Enerplus Corp. says it will increase spending and production this year while continuing to focus on its North Dakota Bakken light oil play.The mid-sized producer says it plans to spend between $565 million and $635 million this year, with the mid-point of $600 million set slightly higher than actual spending of $594 million in 2018.Only 7.5 per cent of the funds are to be spent in Canada in 2019. Eighty per cent is allocated to fund a net 42-well drilling program in North Dakota and the rest is earmarked for its assets in the northeastern U.S. and Colorado.Calgary-based Enerplus says it produced an average of 97,800 barrels of oil equivalent per day in the fourth quarter, up from 88,600 boepd in the same period of 2017.In a three-year forecast, it says it plans to increase average production this year by nine per cent and by 10 to 13 per cent in 2020 and 2021.Enerplus peers with most of their crude oil production in Canada — including Whitecap Resources Inc. and Crescent Point Energy Corp. — have announced cautious budgets for 2019, citing volatile Canadian oil and natural gas prices.
Emergency international aid “of the most urgent kind” is needed to avert massive suffering and death in the Central African Republic (CAR), where armed militias and bandits have burned and ransacked villages, forcing hundreds of thousands of people to flee into the bush to hide from attacks, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has warned.“They have no clothes, no shelter, no food, no blankets, no access to clean water, and most of all they are completely traumatized, living in the terror of further attacks,” UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Mia Farrow said after a four-day mission to northern areas of the country, where 212,000 people are estimated to have been uprooted. “Denying that a humanitarian crisis exists will result in the deaths of many children within a few months,” said UNICEF Regional Director for West and Central Africa, Esther Guluma who accompanied Ms. Farrow. “If we are to avert suffering and death on a massive scale in these areas UNICEF has to accelerate its activities, along with the government, our UN partners and the few NGOs (non-governmental organizations) on the ground.“We have to act now on this situation in CAR, since there are already thousands of refugees who have fled across the country’s western border with Chad; the risk here is that the looming crisis will exacerbate the already extremely fragile humanitarian situation in the entire region,” she added.She stressed the need for health care, mobile clinics, water pumps, household equipment, seeds and tools to re-start farming, and help to return children to school.“Above all the people need protection; they told me their greatest wish is for peace to rebuild their lives,” Ms. Farrow said.In the accelerated emergency phase now underway, relief supplies have started arriving in Bangui, the capital. The first air shipment of thousands of tarpaulins, jerry cans and blankets, a gift of the American people worth $175,000, landed on Friday, and will be immediately trucked to the afflicted people of Birao, on the country’s north eastern border with Sudan.Ms. Farrow’s mission was designed to bring attention to the country’s plight and the need for urgent international support. She is now visiting Chad. Some 1 million people are affected by the conflict in CAR, the sixth least developed country in the world, with indicators for maternal and child mortality, already very poor, now on a continuing decline. 22 February 2007Emergency international aid “of the most urgent kind” is needed to avert massive suffering and death in the Central African Republic (CAR), where armed militias and bandits have burned and ransacked villages, forcing hundreds of thousands of people to flee into the bush to hide from attacks, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has warned.
by Kaitlin Lee Posted Jun 17, 2015 10:20 am MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email CNRL remains optimistic ahead of royalty review Alberta needs to remain competitive: that was the message the president of Canadian Natural Resources stressed in a conference call with investors and analysts Wednesday morning.CNRL was forced to delay its open house, after concerns about an upcoming royalty review.Steve Laut said the Calgary-based company is looking forward to participating in the review but stressed there is a high risk of getting it wrong.“We believe the Alberta government understands this complexity, and wants a strong and healthy oil and gas industry,” he said.Laut said they haven’t completely recovered from tumbling oil prices and potentially, more volatility lies ahead.However, he assured stakeholders the company is in better shape than many of its peers, with a strong balance sheet and lots of flexibility to handle any changes that might be forthcoming.
Brazil’s iron ore giant Vale has agreed the terms of an offer to acquire, through a wholly-owned subsidiary, the total share capital of Metorex for an amount equivalent to $1,125 million in cash at current share prices. Metorex is a producer of copper and cobalt, with operations in the African Copperbelt and two operating mines – Chibuluma in Zambia, in which it holds an 85% interest, and Ruashi in the DRC, in which it holds a 75% interest.Chibuluma has an estimated capacity of 18,600 t/y of copper contained in concentrates and proven and probable reserves of 3.5 Mt at 3.8% Cu. The Ruashi operations, which are also comprised of a hydrometallurgical SX-EW plant, have an estimated capacity of 36,000 t/y of copper cathodes and 4,500 t/y of cobalt, based on proven and probable reserves of 22.2 Mt at 2.4% Cu. In addition, Metorex has three projects in the DRC, one in the development phase and two in the exploration phase. In 2010, Metorex produced 51,569 t of copper and 3,622 t of cobalt, while its gross revenue reached $432 million.
The Colorado School of Mines and MICROMINE have partnered to develop talented students and teachers within the Geology and Geological Engineering Department. MICROMINE’s Academic Licence Scheme (ALS) provides strategic and multifaceted foundations, which include continued support, learning resources and training materials and access to MICROMINE wider community. MICROMINE says it considers these educational partnerships to be a strategic investment in the development of local communities and the future of the mining industry. MICROMINE said that signing this new agreement with Colorado School of Mines (often shortened to Mines) will prove to be a strong alliance.“Highly skilled graduates are in great demand by mining companies around the world. The combination between Mines’ rigorous degree program and Micromine’s easy-to-use exploration and mine design solution, provides the perfect combination between students receiving technical training and hands-on exploration and 3D mining design exposure” commenting Claire Tuder, MICROMINE’s General Manager. Colorado School of Mines is a public research university devoted to engineering and applied science. It has the highest admissions standards of any public university in Colorado and among the highest of any public university in the US. “Mines is a small university, serving a worldwide community, committed to a universal mission — to create solutions related to earth, energy and the environment” explained Dr Nigel Middleton, Senior Vice President for Strategic Enterprises.MICROMINE states: “Mines has distinguished itself by developing a curriculum and research program geared towards responsible stewardship of the earth and its resources. In addition to strong education and research programs in traditional fields of science and engineering, Mines is one of a very few institutions in the world having broad expertise in resource exploration, extraction, production and utilisation. As such, Mines occupies a unique position among the world’s institutions of higher education. Since its founding in 1874, the translation of the school’s mission into educational programs has been influenced by the needs of society. Those needs are now focused more clearly than ever before. The world faces a crisis in balancing resource availability with environmental protection and Mines and its programs are central to the solution. Mines offers all the advantages of a world-class research institution with a size that allows for personal attention.”“Colorado School of Mines’ Geology and Geological Engineering Department is looking forward to having MICROMINE 2016 available to its student body starting in 2016-2017. MICROMINE’s staff have been diligent and timely about making this transition a success and CSM’s Society of Economic Geology Student Chapter looks forward to a short course on the software in the fall,” commented Nicole Allen, CSM SEG Officer 2016-2017, MSc Candidate under Professor Murray Hitzman, Colorado School of Mines. Now working with more than 117 college and university partners around the world, MICROMINE helps attract and develop talented students and teachers who can help achieve a more technically proficient global mining workforce.
Later this year NASA astronauts aboard the International Space Station will be adding a new element to their daily routine — watering the garden. NASA hopes to send up a small plot of romaine lettuce that will be grown in zero-gravity under pink LED lights. They believe it could be ready to eat in just 28 days. Of course, the astronauts won’t get to actually eat their experiment — at least not yet.The Vegetable Production System (VEGGIE) program is going to test the safety and feasibility of growing food for astronauts in a confined environment like the ISS. The lettuce is going to be grown in small kevlar pouches that contain a growth medium. Not quite as traditional as soil, but more efficient. These space planters have been tested on Earth for the last few years with zero gravity in mind.NASA has researched how plants grow in space before, but this project is the first step to actually making edible food in orbit. The lettuce grown in this first batch won’t be cleared for consumption, though. Once it has been harvested, astronauts will freeze it and send the samples back to Earth for testing.If all goes well, future space missions could grow a variety of leafy vegetables in orbit. These plants are considered the most efficient for production in space because they don’t require extensive preparation. Just pluck them from the bag, and they’re ready to be eaten. Foods like potatoes may be possible at some point, but they require some preparation before eating. Wheat and rice take longer to grow, and processing these plants into edible foods would require bulky equipment. As such, space bread isn’t going to be on the menu.NASA hopes that having a garden up and running on the ISS could help keep astronauts’ spirits up, too. It can be stressful spending every hour in the stark, sterile interior of the ISS for months on end.
“IT WILL DRIVE people into further isolation, close community outlets across the country and a lot of jobs will go as well.”Mike Power’s view of Shane Ross’s new laws around drink-driving is informed by his and his wife Tina’s experience of running The Cat’s Bar in Cappoquin, Waterford.The Powers are worried about the Transport Minister’s plans to implement legislation that will see people automatically disqualified from driving if caught over the alcohol limit.The pub has been in Mike’s family for five generations. Speaking to TheJournal.ie this week, he said:The country and rural Ireland will be at a sad loss the day it happens – it’s becoming more difficult all the time.Ross says he knows the new legislation will meet resistance from rural Ireland but he believes people in these areas need to alter their behaviours, making different arrangements for trips to the pub.However, Power says he thinks the minister is “misguided”, saying, “We have come a long way in rural Ireland, people have become very responsible.“This ban would have detrimental effects to the rural community. If an emergency took place, people would be afraid to drive their car even with just one drink.”“It’s going to affect every rural pub to be quite honest,” Alan Gielty who runs Gielty’s Bar and Restaurant in Achill Island told TheJournal.ie.Speaking about the logistics of the proposal, Gielty said, “99% of customers have to travel to a country pub. [Ross] hasn’t really thought it out.People aren’t coming out – they’re afraid to come out. A pub for a lot of people is like a community centre, especially people who are living on their own… It is company.“Where we are in Achill, people are travelling for work. They can’t afford not to have a licence – it’s frightening people.A lot of pubs are closing that have never closed – third, fourth generation pubs with no overheads. The business just isn’t there.‘Don’t condone drink driving’Gielty stressed that he doesn’t condone drink driving, adding that publicans do everything in their power to make sure people get home safely.In 2005, he developed his bar into a bar restaurant to keep business going.“If we didn’t do that, we could just forget about it. You have to move with the times.”He also bought a minibus in 2009 to drive people to and from the pub. It now operates seven nights a week. Source: Alan Gielty via FacebookPower also told this website that he too has started driving customers home.“We have no taxis here but we’ve adapted well and now we drive our customers home.I wouldn’t for the life of me condone drink driving because I know what alcohol can do, we take our job as publicans very seriously. Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article Feb 27th 2017, 6:30 AM “A pub like this, it’s a place where the locals come to meet. I have no time for a drunk driver or someone who would sit behind a wheel after four or five drinks.”‘Only a Dub’Dan* drives for work and cannot afford to take any chances of being disqualified from the road.The father of three children under 10 lives in a rural area with his wife. He explained to to TheJournal.ie that his local is less than a five-minute drive from his house. He pops in “once or twice a week on the way home from work”.“It’s nice to just show the face and have a drink and catch up with what’s going on before I get home. Source: Shutterstock/Claudio DiviziaNow with the kids and all the coming and goings – that drink on the way home would be the only chat I’d really have with old friends. We wouldn’t really be the kind to call each other for a chat or anything like that.“I don’t think getting in a car if you’re feeling the drink is right and there have been times where I’d call the wife to come and get me if I went over a couple, I’m not talking about that.“I’m talking about having two drinks max and then being allowed to drive those five minutes back home.I have never had an accident on the road in over 30 years of driving, I’m a careful driver and take it very seriously.“But I’m also not going to bother going home and then getting my wife to pack in all the kids and drive me down the road to drop me to the pub and do it all again in an hour to pick me up.“To be honest, I’d only pop in if I was making good time as I’d be helping out with the dinner and that anyway so it’s either a quick stop on the way home or nothing.I’m angry in one way because I think only a Dub would bring in this kind of measure.“Any country minister would know what it’s actually like for the majority of people who just want a drink on the way home and cause no hassle.It’s different in Dublin because there are all sorts of taxis and Hailo and what have you. We have one hackney and you need to book well in advance and to be honest, it would cost more than the drink itself so it’s not practical.“I think something does need to be done about road deaths – but stopping people like me, who rely on driving, from going to their local on the way home is a disgrace.”‘Make arrangements’ Speaking to TheJournal.ie this week, Ross said he “totally understands” concerns about the new provisions.“I know the importance in rural Ireland of the pub, the social drinking – but I think if we save one life, which it can, it is not too much to ask for people to make arrangements.One person can drive, and four people can drink, and publicans can make arrangements.“It is part of rural life and no one wants to do anything to damage that, but also we don’t want to provide facilities that allow people who have been drinking more than they should to go out and drive cars.You can’t say it is okay for some people in the country to drive over the limit and get lesser penalty points and be kept on the road.Publican Mike Power addressed the difference in transport options, saying, “Is it safe to drive after a glass of wine? I suppose if we had equal transport there would be no excuse but we just don’t have that.“It’s a contributor but there are far more problems they’re not addressing. I see people on their phones every morning when I’m driving my children to school and others speeding and passing out dangerously, I just wonder – where is the balance?”*Dan is the name used to protect the identity of the person who was interviewed. Read: Shane Ross to seek a free vote on new drink-driving law> Short URL Monday 27 Feb 2017, 6:30 AM 28,473 Views 112 Comments Share Tweet Email2 http://jrnl.ie/3250958 By Cliodhna Russell ‘Only a Dub would bring this in’: Rural Ireland angry with plan for drink drivers to get automatic ban Publicans say this will close down pubs in rural Ireland.
A teen arrested last October in connection with an armed robbery was sentenced to four years in prison Wednesday after previously pleading guilty to a lesser assault charge.Alejandro Paz Espinoza, 19, had pleaded guilty in July in Clark County Superior Court to third-degree assault for his part in the armed robbery.According to court records, Vancouver police were dispatched about 10 p.m. Oct. 30, 2017, to the 13000 block of Northeast Sixth Street after someone reportedly brandished a weapon. Two men walked up to someone sitting in a car, drew a gun on him and ordered him to exit the vehicle. They then stole some items from the victim.Senior Deputy Prosecutor James Smith said Wednesday the stolen items included a Seattle Seahawks beanie, cellphone and gold chain.One of the suspects punched the victim in the face, according to court records.Soon after, officers stopped the suspects in their vehicle and arrested Paz Espinoza and three others: Jesus Prado, 37, Tommy Lee Edwards Davis Jr., 21, and Josiah Christopher Lindsey, 18.
The French forward was a regular player at Fulham FC but then his time at the first-team was cut after being promoted to the Premier LeagueFrench attacker Floyd Ayite joined Fulham FC in 2016 after two years with SC Bastia.He was a regular on the first team and got promoted this year from the English Championship to the Premier League.But now, he has been on the sidelines for too long.“I can’t blame the fact I’m playing less on a player arriving. It’s not appropriate,” he told Sport Witness.Jose Mourinho is sold on Lampard succeeding at Chelsea Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 14, 2019 Jose Mourinho wanted to give his two cents on Frank Lampard’s odds as the new Chelsea FC manager, he thinks he will succeed.There really…“It’s a different level, a different league, players arrive, others leave, the manager makes his choices. I’m a part of the squad, I work while waiting for my chance.”“If I want to be on the pitch, I need to be better than the ones already on it, knowing the manager makes his choices based on how he wants to play against the next team and that we some fit his philosophy more than others,” he added.“We’re not playing badly, but we’re lacking that little bit of luck that we need to go find and to do that, we can’t give up, we need to fight.”“We’re on the right path, it’ll change,” he concluded.
Anti-mafia police in Naples on Tuesday arrested a suspect accused of extortion against Bangladeshi immigrants in the southern Italian city.The suspect, named as ADC was put under house arrest as part of the operation which was carried out on the orders of Naples anti-mafia magistrates.Tuesday’s operation followed an investigation into alleged intimidation of Bangladeshis living in the town of San Gennaro Vesuviano on the eastern outskirts of Naples aimed at extorting money from them.Intimidatory acts reported to police by the local Bangladeshi community including gluing up the entrance to a building they used as a mosque.ADC led the intimidation, introducing himself as”the boss of San Gennaro”, prosecutors said.The ruthless workings of the Camorra, one of Italy’s oldest and most violent mafias, were laid bare by Roberto Saviano’s best-selling book ‘Gomorrah’ and the award-winning film of the same name.The Camorra’s main sources of revenue include drug trafficking, extortion, arms trading, prostitution and waste disposal.
At least seven people were killed and nine others injured in separate road accidents in Barishal, Dinajpur, Narail and Bogura districts, according to UNB.In Barishal, a woman was killed and three other persons were injured as a bus crashed into a human-hauler on Barishal-Patuakhali highway in Rupatoli area on Saturday morning.The deceased was Renu Begum, 50, wife of Rouf Hawlader, a resident of 25 No. ward of Rupatoli area.Sub-inspector Mostafizur Rahman of Kotwali model police station said that the accident took place around 9:00am when the Patuakhali-bound bus collided with the human hauler, leaving its four passenger injured.The injured were taken to Barishal Sher-e-Bangla Medical College Hospital where physicians declared her dead.In Dinajpur, a college teacher was crushed under the wheels of a truck at Kolabari of Ghorashal Upazila.The deceased was Anwar Hossain Ujjal, 32, lecturer of Raniganj Mohila College. Agitated locals seized the truck and handed it over to police.In Narail, two friends were killed and another injured as a truck collided head on with a motorcycle carrying them in Bagudanga Bottala area of Kalia-Chapail road in Kalia upazila.The deceased were Biplob Ghosh, 15, and his friend Shanto Biswash, 15, of Jogania village of the upazila.Officer-in-charge of Noragoti police station Md Alamgir Kabir confirmed the matter.In Bogura, a car collided head-on with an auto-rickshaw killing three people and injuring five others.The deceased were Shamol Sohon, 55, Afzal Hossain, 45, and Shahidul Islam, 65.Officer-in-charge of Adamdighi police station Monirul Islam said the accident injured eight people and three among them succumbed to their injuries on the way to a hospital.
Share ___ 11:20 a.m. An attorney for former Caracas Mayor Antonio Ledezma is denying the Venezuelan Supreme Court’s assertion that he had faced legal restrictions on his ability to speak with the media while under house arrest. Omar Estacio tells news outlet VivoPlay that the high court’s claims that Ledezma violated the terms of his house arrest by talking to the press and allegedly being part of an “escape plan” are false. State security agents removed Ledezma and opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez from his their homes early Tuesday. The court says they violated terms of their house arrest. Ledezma was detained in 2015 and had been serving his sentence from home. Both men had recently posted videos online denouncing President Nicolas Maduro’s election for a special assembly given essentially unlimited powers and tasked with rewriting the constitution. ___ 11:15 a.m. The United Nations’ human rights chief says he is “deeply concerned” by the re-arrest of two leading Venezuelan opposition figures and is calling for the release of all people held for exercising their rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and expression. Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein urged Venezuelan authorities in a statement released in Geneva Tuesday “not to make an already extremely volatile situation even worse through the use of excessive force.” Zeid also called for “prompt, effective and independent” investigations into 10 deaths in clashes between protesters and police over the weekend. He appealed to all sides to refrain from violence. Opposition figures Leopoldo Lopez and Antonio Ledezma, were taken from their homes in the middle of the night. Venezuela’s Supreme Court said they had violated the terms of their house arrest. #Líderes opositores de #Venezuela detenidos pic.twitter.com/j7ugrk76V6— Reuters Latam (@ReutersLatam) August 1, 2017___ 10:45 a.m. The U.S. State Department says it’s “deeply concerned with the Venezuelan government’s decision to re-arrest opposition leaders Leopoldo Lopez and Antonio Ledezma.” It says the midnight detentions are further evidence that President Nicolas Maduro “is an authoritarian ruler who is not willing to respect fundamental human rights.” Venezuela’s Supreme Court says the two were detained early Tuesday because they violated terms of their house arrest. Both had been held for allegedly stirring up violence in earlier protests. Washington on Monday added Maduro to a steadily growing list of high-ranking Venezuelan officials targeted by financial sanctions. So far, the Trump administration has not delivered on threats to sanction Venezuela’s oil industry, which could undermine Maduro’s government but raise U.S. gas prices and deepen Venezuela’s humanitarian crisis. The moves follow Sunday’s election of a pro-government assembly with almost absolute power to reshape the country’s political system. ___ 10:15 a.m. Venezuela’s Supreme Court says two leading opposition figures have been jailed because they violated the terms of their house arrest. The nation’s highest court says Leopoldo Lopez and Antonio Ledezma were removed from their homes early Tuesday after “official intelligence sources” determined there was a “escape plan” involving both men. The court added that Lopez isn’t permitted to engage in any sort of political activism and former Caracas Mayor Antonio Ledezma is prohibited from speaking to media outlets. Lopez was detained three years ago after protests against Maduro’s government and sentenced to more than a decade in prison. He was released last month to serve out his term on house arrest. The president of Venezuela’s opposition-dominated legislature says the allegations are “ridiculous” and the jailings “absolutely arbitrary.” ___ 9 a.m. An attorney says that Venezuelan opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez has been returned to the military prison from which he had been recently released. Lopez’s attorney Juan Carlos Gutierrez tells the Exitos radio station that the 46-year-old Lopez was pulled from his home and was taken to the Ramo Verde prison at about 3 a.m. He says the government’s decision to return Lopez to prison is “completely arbitrary” and says Lopez had obeyed the conditions imposed on his house arrest. Lopez had been released from Ramo Verde on July 8 after serving three years of a 13-year sentence for inciting violence at opposition rallies. Many human rights groups considered him a political prisoner. It’s not clear if former Caracas Mayor Antonio Ledezma also was taken to prison. Allies posted video online of him being taken from his home by security agents. ___ 4:05 a.m. Allies of two Venezuelan opposition leaders say Leopoldo Lopez and Antonio Ledezma have been taken by authorities from the homes where they were under house arrest. Video posted on the Twitter account of Lopez’s wife early Tuesday shows a man being taken away from a Caracas home by state security agents. Wife Lilian Tintori says in a tweet that “they’ve just taken Leopoldo from the house. We don’t know where he is.” Lopez was detained three years after protests against President Nicolas Maduro’s government and sentenced to more than a decade in prison on charges that include inciting protesters to violence. He was released last month to serve the rest of his term under house arrest. Ledezma, a former Caracas mayor, was also detained in 2015 and has been under house arrest. ___ 12 a.m. President Nicolas Maduro brushed off new U.S. sanctions on him and condemnation at home and abroad of the newly chosen constitutional assembly, saying the vote has given him a popular mandate to radically overhaul Venezuela’s political system. Maduro said Monday evening he had no intention of deviating from his plans to rewrite the constitution and go after a string of enemies, from independent Venezuelan news channels to gunmen he claimed were sent by neighboring Colombia to disrupt the vote as part of an international conspiracy led by the man he calls “Emperor Donald Trump.” “They don’t intimidate me. The threats and sanctions of the empire don’t intimidate me for a moment,” Maduro said on national television. “I don’t listen to orders from the empire, not now or ever … Bring on more sanctions, Donald Trump.” The 6-minute long video shared Tuesday shows Lopez rubbing his wife’s belly and saying he has “one more reason to fight for Venezuela.”The Latest on the political situation in Venezuela (all times local):2:05 p.m.Supporters of Leopoldo Lopez have a released a video he taped a week before state security agents whisked him back to a military prison. It shows the opposition leader calling on Venezuelans to be firm in resisting President Nicolas Maduro.Les pedimos que sigamos con fuerza y esperanza por Venezuela. Mensaje de Leopoldo. RT/ LT https://t.co/WKA88wFjjA— Leopoldo López (@leopoldolopez) August 1, 2017He also announces that his wife is pregnant. The 6-minute long video shared Tuesday shows Lopez rubbing his wife’s belly and saying he has “one more reason to fight for Venezuela.” He calls the pregnancy “the best news I’ve received in the last 3 1/2 years” — a reference to the time he spent behind bars.Lopez was released from the Ramo Verde prison in June and granted house arrest to serve out the remainder of his 13-year sentence for inciting violence at opposition rallies. The couple has at times been allowed conjugal visits.Lopez says he recorded the video knowing he might be imprisoned again — as he was early Thursday.___1:35 p.m.Three legislators in Venezuela say they are breaking with the pro-government Great Patriotic Pole party and forming a new faction in opposition to President Nicolas Maduro’s rewrite of the nation’s constitution.Lawmaker Eustoquio Contreras told legislators at the opposition-controlled National Assembly Tuesday that the nation is in crisis and headed toward a civil war that must be avoided.The Great Patriotic Pole is a coalition of 17 parties formed in 2012 to support the re-election of the late President Hugo Chavez, who bequeathed power to Maduro.The legislators say their new faction will be called the “Parliamentary Socialist Bloc.”The dissentions are among the highest-profile to emerge recently from among pro-government leaders. 11:30 a.m. Spanish Foreign Minister Alfonso Dastis is rejecting the idea of EU sanctions against Venezuela, saying they could hurt the population. He said Tuesday that Spain instead favors individual measures such as travel restrictions against those responsible for the situation. Dastis said there is “great concern over the arrests of Caracas Mayor Antonio Ledezma and opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez. Dastis ruled out recalling the Spanish ambassador, saying he was more effective in Venezuela helping Spaniards living there. The U.S. government on Monday imposed sanctions on Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro over Sunday’s disputed election of a pro-government assembly with almost unlimited political powers. Repudio y condeno a Maduro por tener secuestrado a Venezuela.Leopoldo López y Antonio Ledezma su lucha no será en vano #VenezuelaEnDictadura pic.twitter.com/JlRGijfOIx— pamela cortez (@pamelac1661) August 1, 2017
Share COURTESY / MCMAHAN FAMILYFive-year-old Ryland Ward was shot five times in Sutherland Springs.Ryland Ward, the last hospitalized victim of the Sutherland Springs church shooting, will leave University Hospital in San Antonio today.Assistant Fire Chief Rusty Duncan of Stockdale will drive the 6-year-old boy home in a fire truck.Stockdale Fire Chief Edwin Baker said Duncan was the first responder who rescued Ryland from the church following the shooting Nov. 5.“Ryland actually reached and grabbed Rusty’s pants leg, and Rusty reached down and pulled him out,” he said.Ryland was shot five times, and he underwent multiple surgeries. He lost his step-mother and two sisters in the shooting.“Rusty went to the hospital to see how he was doing, and as his recovery progressed they grew a bond between each other,” Baker said.
This is an early attempt to better define when and how much rain to expect this weekend into early next week. Keep in mind that there will be small scale interactions that could lead to higher rainfall amounts and rain rates. Rainfall amounts could vary greatly. #houwx #txwx pic.twitter.com/Hkp73w39Mq— NWS Houston (@NWSHouston) June 15, 2018 Share Officials in Harris County are monitoring the potential for heavy rainfall and street flooding this Father’s Day weekend.Emergency officials want to make sure residents are prepared for the worst case.There’s a tropical system in the Gulf of Mexico that may or may not develop into a storm and it could dump rain on Texas for several days this weekend or early next week.“Right now, the most likely scenario is some areas on our roadways will see high water,” said Francisco Sanchez with the Harris County Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Management. “But certainly a worst-case scenario for us is anything that impacts the bayous in a way that would cause them to go out of their banks. Right now, that’s not expected.”Locally heavy rainfall still looks possible mainly Sunday afternoon through Monday evening as deep tropical moisture moves across Southeast Texas. The heaviest rainfall should occur along and south of the Interstate 10 corridor. #txwx #houwx #bcswx #glswx pic.twitter.com/h4VgQiK90V— NWS Houston (@NWSHouston) June 15, 2018
Bob Daemmrich for The Texas TribuneImmigrant families released by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) take respite at Catholic Charities in McAllen while waiting on disposition of their deportation cases.The federal government’s recent “zero tolerance” policy for undocumented immigrants crossing the border has led to more than 2,300 children being separated from their parents or guardians. The Texas Tribune has interviewed a number of those parents at local shelters, immigration detention centers, international bridges and bus stations.Although the government says it has a plan to reunify these families, its most recent figures say roughly 2,000 kids remain separated from their parents, with adults and children housed in shelters and detention centers scattered across the country. Members of Congress, immigration lawyers and advocates say they’ve seen little detail about the reunification plan and little evidence that it’s been deployed.The Texas Tribune and ProPublica are partnering with media organizations in the U.S. and Latin America to gather vital information about the children and immigrants who have become the focus of an international controversy.The map below identifies facilities where children may be held. We are asking anyone who has direct knowledge about a separated family or a facility where children are being held to reach out to us. Information can be submitted anonymously or with names. It will not be made public without the permission of those involved. Share
More information: Markus J. Kalmutzki et al. Secondary building units as the turning point in the development of the reticular chemistry of MOFs, Science Advances (2018). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat9180 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further The reticular table. A table of possible bipartite nets representing binary frameworks made by reticular chemistry. Credit: Science Advances, Adapted from: Acc.Chem.Res, doi: 10.1021/ar800124u The past two decades have witnessed an explosive growth in the field of MOFs, with more than 84,185 MOF structures documented in the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre. A collection of papers on the synthesis, structure and application of MOFs continues to be published every year. The SBU approach has advanced MOF chemistry as the most significant contributor to the rapid development observed in the field. Many MOF syntheses, investigations and applications are derived from the SBU approach. Now reviewing the field of MOF chemistry for Science Advances, Markus Kalmutzki, Nikita Hankel and Omar M. Yaghi – recently awarded the BBVA Foundation of Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Basic Sciences category – consider the history of MOFs and their applications that have arisen via the SBU approach. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a fascinating class of highly porous materials. They are structurally composed of metal ions/clusters and organic linkers for promising functional diversity in a variety of fields. Properties include their unique crystallinity, tunable porosity and structural diversity. The performance of MOFs was highlighted in diverse applications such as gas storage, catalysis sensing and drug delivery. In particular, SBUs play an important role in vapor absorption, as reported with high water absorption. The structural diversity of MOFs depends on SBUs with future work projected for industrial applications including gas absorption and separation, harvesting water from air, bioimaging and therapeutics.By design, polynuclear cluster nodes, also known as SBUs, are able to impart (1) thermodynamic stability via strong covalent bonds and (2) mechanical/architectural stability by strong directional bonds that can lock down the position of metal centers in metal-organic frameworks. This property contrasts with those of unsteady and nondirectional single metal nodes that formed weak bonds to neutral organic donor linkers. The impact of SBU on the structure, chemistry and applications of MOFs. The rich chemical architecture of MOFs is founded on the structural diversity of the SBUs – rendering MOFs mechanically and architecturally stable and thus permanently porous. The chemical nature of SBUs gave rise to the concept of “framework chemistry” – the post synthetic chemical modification of MOFs as the key to extending their applications. Credit: Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aat9180 Journal information: Science Advances Chemical ‘caryatids’ improve the stability of metal-organic frameworks In contrast to the unpredictable method of traditional synthetic organic chemistry where little to no correlation exists between the structure of starting materials and products, greater predictability exists in MOF chemistry, as they are designed with predetermined topologies. In the synthetic process, the chemical building units required to construct the selected net are determined. The structural diversity observed in MOF chemistry originates from a wide variety of available SBU geometries; specific structures can be designed by choosing appropriately shaped and sized building units. The authors then detailed diverse methods of MOF synthesis, their complexity, chemical frameworks and applications that originated from secondary building units during MOF development. In practice, MOFs can be used for gas storage and separation with specific implications to separate carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases for environmental sustainability. Metal organic frameworks can also form versatile heterogenous catalysts for efficient organic transformations, be used as luminescent sensors and in drug cargo delivery for cancer therapy. Applications in diverse fields were enabled by the porosity inherent to MOFs, made possible by the SBU approach. The chemical nature inherent to MOFs and SBUs that led to the development of the properties of adsorption, separation and catalysis were then dissected further within the review. The accessibility of pore space within open framework structures enabled the applications observed for MOFs in different fields. The basis for MOFs is related to the ability to manipulate matter with a precision previously only known in well-established molecular chemistry. The crystallinity and porosity of the framework was fully preserved during construction, leading to the development of “crystals as molecules.” Introduction of the SBU approach was a turning point that enabled the extension of precision chemistry from molecular complexes and polymers into 2-D and 3-D frameworks, to design rational structures using functional building units. Recent advances in the field of MOF synthesis confirm the potential to translate properties of functional building units into a structural framework. Such properties include linear and nonlinear optical character, magnetism, conductivity and catalysis. Recent advances in computational chemistry can also help understand material properties and predict structures that can be constructed with the targeted character.Complexity and heterogeneity can be integrated within MOFs as recently proposed, to explore and analyze their impact on the structure and in the resulting properties, in the future. Both complexity and heterogeneity allow to further expand the scope of structures, providing access to materials with great potential for increased performance. Controlling the spatial distribution of different organic functionalities and metal ions can lead to design sequences within or along the MOF backbone. Expected spatial arrangements can be achieved by integrating multiple SBUs with specific binding patterns directly into framework formation for a single material, or via post-synthetic methods. The realization of this vision can give rise to sequence-specific materials designed into MOFs to carry out intended functions. Introduction of the SBU marks a turning point in the development of MOF chemistry – and will continue to play a key role in their future development to access novel structures, properties and applications. © 2018 Phys.org Citation: Secondary building units (SBUs)—the turning point in the development of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) (2018, October 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-10-secondary-sbusthe-metal-organic-frameworks-mofs.html There is an urgent need to control materials on the molecular level to make “materials on demand.” A strategy to develop such materials is in development in reticular chemistry, derived from the Latin translation “reticulum” as “having the form of a net.” The strategy links discrete building units (molecules and clusters) via bonds to make large and extended crystalline structures. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are the most prominent class of materials in the realm of reticular chemistry. Such crystalline, extended structures are constructed by stitching together inorganic polynuclear clusters known as secondary building units (SBUs) and organic linkers via strong bonds.