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Cannabis: scientists call for action amid mental health concerns

first_imgThe Guardian 15 April 2016Family First Comment: A UK government spokesperson said its position on cannabis was clear. “We must prevent drug use in our communities and help people who are dependent to recover, while ensuring our drugs laws are enforced. There is clear scientific and medical evidence that cannabis is a harmful drug which can damage people’s mental and physical health, and harms communities.”   Nicely summed up.The risks of heavy cannabis for mental health are serious enough to warrant global public health campaigns, according to international drugs experts who said young people were particularly vulnerable.The warning from scientists in the UK, US, Europe and Australia reflects a growing consensus that frequent use of the drug can increase the risk of psychosis in vulnerable people, and comes as the UN prepares to convene a special session on the global drugs problem for the first time since 1998. The meeting in New York next week aims to unify countries in their efforts to tackle issues around illicit drug use.While the vast majority of people who smoke cannabis will not develop psychotic disorders, those who do can have their lives ruined. Psychosis is defined by hallucinations, delusions and irrational behaviour, and while most patients recover from the episodes, some go on to develop schizophrenia. The risk is higher among patients who continue with heavy cannabis use.Public health warnings over cannabis have been extremely limited because the drug is illegal in most countries, and there are uncertainties over whether it really contributes to mental illness. But many researchers now believe the evidence for harm is strong enough to issue clear warnings.“It’s not sensible to wait for absolute proof that cannabis is a component cause of psychosis,” said Sir Robin Murray, professor of psychiatric research at King’s College London. “There’s already ample evidence to warrant public education around the risks of heavy use of cannabis, particularly the high-potency varieties. For many reasons, we should have public warnings.”The researchers are keen not to exaggerate the risks. In the language of the business, cannabis alone is neither necessary nor sufficient to cause psychosis. But the drug inflicts a clear burden on the vulnerable. Estimates suggest that deterring heavy use of cannabis could prevent 8-24% of psychosis cases handled by treatment centres, depending on the area. In London alone, where the most common form of cannabis is high-potency skunk, avoiding heavy use could avert many hundreds of cases of psychosis every year.In the US, cannabis is becoming stronger and more popular. Over the past 20 years, the strength of cannabis seized by the Drug Enforcement Administration has increased from 4%-12% THC. Meanwhile, the number of users rose from 14.5 million to 22.2 million in the seven years to 2014.Coinciding with the upwards trend, young people’s perceptions of the risks of cannabis have fallen, a consequence perhaps of the public discussion over legalisation and fewer restrictions for medicinal uses, according to the US government’s National Institute on Drug Abuse (Nida).“It is important to educate the public about this now,” said Nora Volkow, director of Nida. “Kids who start using drugs in their teen years may never know their full potential. This is also true in relation to the risk for psychosis. The risk is significantly higher for people who begin using marijuana during adolescence. And unfortunately at this point, most people don’t know their genetic risk for psychosis or addiction.”….In Australia, a 2013 study found nearly half of the cannabis confiscated on the streets contained more than 15% THC. Prof Wayne Hall, director of the Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research at the University of Queensland, said that while most people can use cannabis without putting themselves at risk of psychosis, there is still a need for public education.….In the 1960s, cannabis in the Netherlands had less than 3% THC, but today high potency strains average 20%. Jim van Os, professor of psychiatry at Maastricht University medical centre, said public health messages are now justified. He believes people should be deterred from using cannabis before the age of 18, warned off the stronger forms, and urged not to use cannabis alone or to cope with life’s problems.… A government spokesperson said its position on cannabis was clear. “We must prevent drug use in our communities and help people who are dependent to recover, while ensuring our drugs laws are enforced. There is clear scientific and medical evidence that cannabis is a harmful drug which can damage people’s mental and physical health, and harms communities.”READ MORE: https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/apr/15/cannabis-scientists-call-for-action-amid-mental-health-concerns?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Otherlast_img read more

10 Things That Prevent Guys from Approaching You

first_img Tweet Share 93 Views   no discussions LifestyleRelationships 10 Things That Prevent Guys from Approaching You by: – September 19, 2011 Sharecenter_img Recently, at a wedding, I witnessed a dance floor with a friend who is an ecologist. In the middle of this dance floor, a girl approached a guy, legs slightly spread, while slapping her thighs with the back of her hands while looking him in the eye.My ecologist friend, in his “Darwinian” mindset, jokingly exclaimed: “Oh wow, she’s presenting!”You don’t have to emulate an Animal Planet mating documentary to get a guy to approach you when you’re out, but body language is important. You have to give a guy an opening, and make yourself available.I want my approach to appear to be well-timed, and I don’t like it when I feel like I’m interrupting. Sometimes the situation lends itself to an approach: there’s something extraordinary to talk about, or we just bump into each other. Pay attention to your actions when you’re out. If you want guys to approach you, are you making it easy on them — are you “available”? Some girls might want the guy to “work” as part of the approach, but for every one of you who makes it tough for a guy to approach, there are women who make it easier to approach that a guy might go for instead.Here are a few things women do that prevent guys from approaching them:INTIMIDATIONLots of FriendsWhen girls are in a group, I know that I’m going to be “evaluated” as soon as I walk away. It’s tough enough to walk up to one girl, let alone a group.Too HotIf she’s super-hot, sometimes I assume I have no chance or I’m just plain intimidated. Most guys will give it the old college try though. This, by the way, is the best reason for your ego why guys aren’t approaching: “I’m just so hot I’m intimidating.”UNATTRACTIVE APPEARANCEDancing on Tables (aka Super-Drunk Girl)One night, we were out and a girl intermittently stood up on the seat of her booth and did stripper-type dances. The guys in the bar looked, but never approached. It’s tough to approach a whirling dervish and no one could take her seriously. And sometimes the “too drunk” girl gets approached by guys who are interested in one thing only.Looking SloppyI don’t usually approach girls who don’t look stylish and put together. Now, if you want to keep guys away from you, doing the “celeb in public homeless look” might be a good strategy.Looking Angry/SnobbySmiling and eye contact is inviting, while anger, and looking like you’re too good for everyone, drives people away. Try to give off positive vibes, and more people will approach.TAKENWith a Guy in Any CapacityYou appear to be taken if you arrive with guys, or meet guys while you’re out. Guys have no way of knowing if you’re “with” a guy. Some guys might ask, but some might just move on to someone who looks more available. RingNow I’ll admit that I’m clueless, even for a guy. I’m not sure about the wedding ring/engagement rules: which hand/finger gets the ring? I know one has a big diamond, and one looks like a simple ring. But unmarried women wear all sorts of rings. Your ring that looks like a wedding ring might be keeping guys away (or maybe stupid guys like me, which is probably a good thing).DO NOT DISTURBBusyIt’s easier to approach a girl who looks bored, like she wants someone to talk to. In a café, if she’s reading a book, or has her face in her laptop, I assume she’s busy and doesn’t want to deal with my stupid pick-up attempt. In a bar, if she seems content doing whatever she’s doing, I won’t want to interrupt.Tough to CatchI’ve devised strategic plans to make a move, waiting for a girl to go to the bar, or bathroom. But when she finally gets up she walks too fast, or takes “bodyguards” (tons of friends) with her. Bottom line, some women just don’t give that opening physically for the approach. Remember, your migratory patterns might be exactly what that guy is waiting for, so be on the lookout when you’re on the move.Room PositioningIf you’re in the corner all night, or buried behind chairs and tables, you not only cut yourself off from the rest of the world, but some guys don’t want to slalom obstacles to get to you. If you want guys to approach you, you might want to move or try out some other spots.Do you agree with my list above? What actions do you think deter guys from approaching you? What actions make a guy tough to approach?by Rich Santos, Marie Claire Sharing is caring! Sharelast_img read more

Haiti progress, Bermuda taste defeat again in Gold Cup

first_imgFRISCO, Texas, CMC – Two first half goals were enough to hand Haiti a 2-0 victory over Nicaragua and a spot in the next round of the CONCACAF Gold Cup but Bermuda were once again made to pay for their wastefulness as they slumped to a 2-1 defeat at the hands of Costa Rica here Thursday night.In the first game of the doubleheader at Toyota Stadium, Steeven Saba netted in the 22nd minute and Derrick Etienne in the 34th, as Haiti marched to their second win in Group B.Saba scored from the edge of the 15-yard box, driving a low shot through a cluster of defenders after being fed by Duckens Nazon from a central position.And Etienne doubled the French side’s advantage when he worked his way around the box and shot from 10 yards out, the ball taking a deflection off Manuel Rosas before finding its way into the back of the nets.The victory took Haiti to six points and second in the group to Costa Rica only on goal difference.Bermuda, meanwhile, started strongly and like in their opener against Haiti last Sunday, failed to cash in on the opportunities they created.Willie Clemons blasted wide from eight yards after being set up by Reggie Lambe in the 16th minute and Lambe had a great chance just three minutes later from close range but was denied by a low save from goalkeeper Leonel Moreira.George then put Costa Rica ahead against the run of play in the 30th minute, stabbing home a rebound after goalkeeper Dave Eve had saved from Celso Borges, following Elias Aguilar’s corner kick.And it was Aguilar who doubled the lead with a powerful left-footed volley from just inside the left corner of the 15-yard box in the 54th minute.England-based striker Nahki Wells halved the deficit for Bermuda from the spot in the 59th minute but the Caribbean side failed to find the precious equaliser.last_img read more

Wellington doctors recognized by SRMC today

first_imgWellington doctors patronizing SRMC.Submitted to Sumner Newscow – Sumner Regional Medical Center is celebrating National Doctors Day this morning with a big breakfast for all the medical staff and SRMC employees.  CEO Barry Harding congratulated each doctor with a gift certificate at the Regent Theater. Harding gave a big thank you to all the medical staff for their continuous support of SRMC.Pictured above from left are: Dr. Steven Scheufler, Dr. Lacie Gregory, Dr. Joel Weigand, Dr. Tami McCue, Dr. Stephen Hawks, Dr. Shana Jarmer, and Dr. Larry Anderson. Follow us on Twitter. Close Forgot password? Please put in your email: Send me my password! Close message Login This blog post All blog posts Subscribe to this blog post’s comments through… RSS Feed Subscribe via email Subscribe Subscribe to this blog’s comments through… RSS Feed Subscribe via email Subscribe Follow the discussion Comments (2) Logging you in… Close Login to IntenseDebate Or create an account Username or Email: Password: Forgot login? Cancel Login Close WordPress.com Username or Email: Password: Lost your password? Cancel Login Dashboard | Edit profile | Logout Logged in as Admin Options Disable comments for this page Save Settings Sort by: Date Rating Last Activity Loading comments… You are about to flag this comment as being inappropriate. Please explain why you are flagging this comment in the text box below and submit your report. The blog admin will be notified. Thank you for your input. +3 Vote up Vote down Small Town Boy · 228 weeks ago You are all appreciated! Keep up the good work! Report Reply 0 replies · active 228 weeks ago +1 Vote up Vote down Wes Smith · 227 weeks ago We’ve got a good selection of Doctors in our community, escpecially Dr. Jarmer. My family and I have been seeing her since the previous group of doctors at SRMC either retired or went to other endeavors away from family medicine. We couldn’t be happier with who we have overseeing our medical care. Report Reply 0 replies · active 227 weeks ago Post a new comment Enter text right here! Comment as a Guest, or login: Login to IntenseDebate Login to WordPress.com Login to Twitter Go back Tweet this comment Connected as (Logout) Email (optional) Not displayed publicly. Name Email Website (optional) Displayed next to your comments. Not displayed publicly. If you have a website, link to it here. Posting anonymously. Tweet this comment Submit Comment Subscribe to None Replies All new comments Comments by IntenseDebate Enter text right here! Reply as a Guest, or login: Login to IntenseDebate Login to WordPress.com Login to Twitter Go back Tweet this comment Connected as (Logout) Email (optional) Not displayed publicly. Name Email Website (optional) Displayed next to your comments. Not displayed publicly. If you have a website, link to it here. Posting anonymously. Tweet this comment Cancel Submit Comment Subscribe to None Replies All new comments Posted in: Newslast_img read more

HARPS HOPING TO END MISERABLE RUN WITH WIN OVER ATHLONE

first_imgHaving watched their side lose yet again in their third match in charge last week, the new Harps management team of Peter Hutton and Felix Healy will be hoping to end that run against Athlone Town.Athlone have also lost their last three fixtures and the sides meet at Finn Park this evening (kick-off 8.00pm).Harps currently sit bottom of the First Division pile without a victory to their name in 2011. And after watching his new side lose their first two games against Wexford Youths and Mervue United, Peter Hutton again looked on as they went down 1-0 to Limerick in Jackman Park last Friday. “It was the manner that we conceded that was again very disappointing,” said Hutton.“It was very sloppy defending from a set-piece where your man has nipped in and let go by a defender to head home unchallenged.“It was something we spoke about at half-time that the only way they would score would be from a set-piece, so it was very frustrating then the way they got it.”Result aside, Hutton was pleased to see that his team is starting to improve and feels the first win will come soon. “The performance wasn’t too bad, we didn’t start the best but as the game progressed we started to play much better. We had one great chance when Kevin (McHugh) went through one-on-one and opted for power instead of maybe going for placement.“We couldn’t fault the players’ efforts once again, there were positives to take. Young Aaron McElwee came in for his first start and looked unfazed while Gareth Harkin returned from a couple of weeks through injury to get a good hour or so under his belt.”So is Thursday’s game against Athlone a must win game for his side?“Every game is a must-win as far as I’m concerned”, said Hutton. “We’re not really looking at the positions in the league table, we’re more concerned with seeing an improvement in the performances and getting everything right on the pitch first of all.“We’re still trying to get a feel for things and seeing where we can improve the squad come the transfer window. Every game is going to take on more of an onus in terms of us trying to get that first win. Hopefully, we can get it very soon and get that monkey off our backs, allowing us to relax somewhat,” he said. As Harps look to end a seven game losing streak, they will hope to continue their unbeaten run against Athlone Town at Finn Park. Athlone have failed to register a victory in the last twenty outings in Ballybofey – a run that stretches back to October 1992.On the team front, Gary Whoriskey is back in training again, but Thursday’s game will come too soon for him. Conor O’Grady (ankle) and James Doherty (groin) will again miss out.Suspended: None.Doubtful: None. Injured: Gary Whoriskey (knee), Conor O’Grady (ankle), James Doherty (groin).Form Guide (last six league games)Finn Harps: L-L-L-L-L-L (0 pts)Athlone Town: W-W-W-L-L-L (9 pts)Recent games at home to Athlone Town26-Aug-06 – Drew 0-0 (FAI Cup)29-Jun-07 – Won 2-0 (First Division)02-Nov-07 – Drew 1-1 (First Division)18-Jul-09 – Drew 1-1 (First Division)17-Apr-10 – Drew 0-0 (First Division)01-Oct-10 – Drew 2-2 (First Division)Finn Harps Goalscorers 2011Kevin McHugh – 3Marc Brolly – 2Gareth Harkin – 1Finn Harps Results 2011 (Harps goalscorer in brackets)20th May 2011 – FD – Limerick 1-0 Finn Harps13th May 2011 – FD – Mervue United 2-1 Finn Harps (Brolly)5th May 2011 – FD – Finn Harps 0-1 Wexford Youths29th April 2011 – FD – Shelbourne 1-0 Finn Harps22nd April 2011 – FD – Finn Harps 1-2 Longford Town (Brolly)19th April 2011 – FD – Athlone Town 1-0 Finn Harps15th April 2011 – FD – Cork City 5-0 Finn Harps8th April 2011 – FD – Finn Harps 0-0 Salthill Devon28th March 2011 – EA – Mervue United 1-0 Finn Harps25th March 2011 – FD – Waterford United 1-0 Finn Harps18th March 2011 – FD – Finn Harps 2-2 Monaghan United (McHugh 2)4th March 2011 – FD – Finn Harps 2-2 Limerick (McHugh, Harkin)HARPS HOPING TO END MISERABLE RUN WITH WIN OVER ATHLONE was last modified: May 26th, 2011 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Costa Rica promotes pesticidefree rice farming

first_imgRelated posts:Vegetables grown near erupting Turrialba called safe to eat Hurricane Otto caused $15 million in losses for Costa Rican coffee sector Costa Rica evaluates lifting ban on Mexican avocados Mexico takes Costa Rica ban on avocados to World Trade Organization A joint program of the Agriculture and Livestock Ministry (MAG) and the Economy and Industry Ministry (MEIC) seeks to promote the production and marketing of pesticide-free rice in the country.Officials from both ministries recently presented the results of a four-year project developed in Cañas, in the province of Guanacaste, which resulted in a new product they call EcoArroz (Eco Rice).Project manager Andrés Vásquez developed the organic production system of EcoArroz to “preserve the soil’s natural cycle and respect the ecosystem,” the ministries reported.Environmentally friendly riceVásquez explained that instead of using pesticides to control pests and diseases, the project used plants and insects as natural barriers to protect rice crops. The process also allowed them keep the production cycle as natural as possible, he said.Farmers used wasps and ladybugs, which feed on the mites and larvae that damage rice crops.They also transformed farm waste into organic fertilizers and developed an optimized water system for irrigation.According to Vásquez, contrary to popular belief, the lack of chemicals does not alter the shelf life of rice; “on the contrary, it provides more minerals and the rice is more nutritious.”The ministries hired a private laboratory to independently audit the production process. PrimusLabs, the selected company, collected rice samples before the harvest. Their analises certified that the rice was 100 percent free of any traces of pesticides.DistributionThe pesticide-free certification allowed the project to move to the marketing stage. The organic rice is available at various supermarkets across the country, under the Sabanero EcoArroz brand. Sabanero sales manager Jorge del Pozo said that the retail price is very accessible, considering the high production cost of the product: an 1.8-kilogram bag costs ₡1,540 (approximately $2.80).Rice is an essential product in the Costa Rican diet, and many families eat it two or three times a day.Projections from the National Rice Corporation (CONARROZ) state that Ticos are expected to consume 340,000 metric tons of rice in the 2016-2017 rice season that started in July.Current production supplies just over half of the national demand. Earlier this month, the Agriculture Ministry signed a decree authorizing the import of 73,000 metric tons required to cover the estimated consumption for the first half of 2017.Economy Minister Welmer Ramos said Costa Rica has committed to develop efficient farming through environmentally sustainable practices.“We are strongly encouraging innovation and the dissemination of new production processes and practices,” he said. Facebook Commentslast_img read more